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Table 2 Complication frequency in IE patients on admission and during hospitalization

From: Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) as independent predictors of outcome in infective endocarditis (IE)

  Number of patients (%)
(total N = 142)*
CHF class NYHA III–IV 52 (36.6%)
Systemic and pulmonary embolization 90 (63.4%)
Fulminant sepsis 34 (23.9%)
Stroke 31 (21.8%)
ICH/SAH 11 (7.7%)
Cerebral mycotic aneurysm 9 (6.3%)
ARF/renal insufficiency** 40 (28.2%)
Splenic abscess/infarction 29 (20.4%)
Acute limb ischemia 4 (2.8%)
Other complications 3 (2.1%)
  1. CHF congestive heart failure, NYHA New York Heart Association, ICH intracranial hemorrhage, SAH subarachnoid hemorrhage, ARF acute renal failure
  2. *Most patients had more than one complication
  3. **Renal insufficiency was defined as a serum creatinine level > 2 mg/dl