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Table 2 Echocardiography findings

From: Clinical features and outcomes of infective endocarditis in Egypt: an 11-year experience at a tertiary care facility

Variable Total (n = 398), No. (%) Phase 1 (n = 237), No. (%) Phase 2 (n = 161), No. (%) P value
Diagnostic TTE 314 (78.9) 178 (75.1) 136 (84.5) 0.025
Presence of vegetations 298 (74.9) 175 (78.1) 123 (76.9) 0.772
 - Left sided vegetations 240 (60.3) 154 (65.0) 86 (53.4) 0.021
  • Aortic valve vegetations 114 (28.6) 73 (30.8) 41 (25.5) < 0.001
  • Mitral valve vegetations 148 (37.2) 85 (49.0) 63 (39.2) < 0.001
 - Right sided vegetations 68 (17.1) 23 (9.7) 45 (28.0) < 0.001
  • Pulmonary valve vegetations 6 (1.5) 2 (0.8) 4 (2.5) < 0.001
  • Tricuspid valve vegetations 62 (15.6) 20 (8.4) 42 (26.1) < 0.001
Ring abscess 52 (13.1) 25 (12.6) 27 (23.7) 0.012
Pericardial effusion 85 (21.4) 53 (27.2) 32 (24.1) 0.527
 - Mild 73 (18.3) 46 (19.4) 27 (16.8)  
 - Moderate 8 (2.0) 3 (1.3) 5 (3.1)  
 - Large 4 (1.0) 4 (1.7) 0 (0)  
  1. TTE transthoracic echocardiography