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Table 1 Clinical and trans-thoracic echocardiographic findings before and after balloon mitral valvotomy

From: Strain imaging to assess early effects of successful percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy on left atrium mechanics

 Mitral stenosis (n = 29)Control group (n = 30)Post-BMV (n = 29)P1 valueP2 value
Age39.53 ± 11.7844.27 ± 6.830.06
SBP (mmHg)113.38 ± 14.66123.20 ± 9.90 0.003 
DBP (mmHg)75.00 ± 8.2778.67 ± 5.49 0.043 
LA (IS in mm)64.37 ± 9.9442.87 ± 5.44 0.001 
LA area (in cm2)28.36 ± 8.2811.94 ± 1.96 0.001 
LA strain (%)13.40 ± .7532.25 ± 4.0217.37 ± 6.950.0010.001
EF(%)62.40 ± 5.1061.50 ± 4.5062.40 ± 5.100.48
  1. Plus-minus values are means ± SD. Difference between the groups were analyzed by independent t test
  2. BMV balloon mitral valvotomy, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, LA (IS) left atrial inferosuperior diameter, mm millimeters, cm centimeters, EF ejection fraction, P1 mitral stenosis vs control, P2 post-BMV vs control, EF ejection fraction