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Table 2 Clinical characteristics and co morbidities of females with and without HF

From: Clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcome of heart failure in women: a single center registry from Egyptian cardiac care unit

  No HF, N = 277 HF, N = 118 P value   No HF, N = 277 HF, N = 118 P value
Clinical data and etiology Associated comorbidities
Age 49.8 ± 14.5 60.3 ± 10.5 0.000 Sepsis/shock 5 (1.8%) 3 (2.5%) 0.049
BMI 30.35 ± 3.1 31.6 ± 4 0.000 Pneumonia 5 (1.8%) 6 (5.1%) 0.025
Obesity 150 (54.5%) 80 (67.8%) 0.012 AKI 20 (7.22%) 12 (10.17%) 0.114
DM 125 (41.6%) 45 (38.1%) 0.199 CKD/ESRD 6 (2.2%) 3 (2.5%) 0.136
HTN 121 (61.2%) 67 (56.8%) 0.017 Respir failure 2 (0.72%) 4 (3.4%) 0.019
Dyslipidemia 86 (33.1%) 47 (39.8%) 0.091 Liver failure 1 (0.36%) 9 (7.6%) 0.000
Smoking 153 (67.4%) 2 (1.7%) 0.619 Tamponade 9 (3.25%) 3 (2.5%) 0.021
Previous MI 10 (3.6%) 19 (16.1%) 0.000 GIT bleeding 1 (0.36%) 3 (2.5%) 0.047
Previous PCI 10 (3.6%) 12 (10.2%) 0.004 Previous MI 6 (2.2%) 17 (14.4%) 0.000
Previous CABG 3 (1.1%) 8 (6.78%) 0.001 Prior CHF 3 (1.1%) 42 (35.6%) 0.000
Valve surgery 0 (0%) 6 (5.1%) 0.000 PVD 3 (1.1%) 2 (1.7%) 0.123
Addiction 3 (7.3%) 0 (0%) 0.256 CVA/TIA 5 (1.8%) 10 (8.5%) 0.001
STEMI 55 (20%) 16 (14%) 0.053 Hemiplegia 1 (0.36%) 2 (1.7%) 0.052
UA/NSTEMI 74 (26.7%) 21 (8.5%) 0.000 COPD 14 (5.1%) 10 (8.5%) 0.056
Cardiogenic shock 0 (0%) 25 (21.2%) 0.000 DM/end organ damage 7 (2.5%) 8 (6.8%) 0.017
CHB 32 (11.6%) 1 (0.8%) 0.000 Mild liver dis 5 (1.8%) 1 (0.85%) 0.111
AF/Flutter 25 (9%) 22 (18.6%) 0.007 Severe liver dis 2 (0.72%) 1 (0.85%) 0.139
IE 8 (3%) 1 (0.8%) 0.000 peptic ulcer 0 (0%) 1 (0.85%) 0.043
PE 79 (28.5%) 3 (2.5%) 0.000 Cancer 12 (4.33%) 1 (0.85%) 0.031
Aortic dissection 1 (0.4%) 3 (2.5%) 0.047 Metastasis 8 (2.88%) 3 (2.5%) 0.26
HR (b/min) 108.9 ± 38 110 ± 37 0.758 Dementia 0 (0%) 3 (2.5%) 0.004
SBP (mmHg) 128.7 ± 29 121.54 ± 37 0.03 Autoimmu. D 13 (4.7%) 3 (2.5%) 0.009
DBP (mmHg) 80.2 ± 18 75.3 ± 20.5 0.01 CCI 277 (100%) 112 (94.9%) 0.000
Hospital stay (days) 7.14 ± 6 7.06 ± 5 0.892 Mortality (%) 14 (5.1%) 13 (11.1%) 0.041
  1. BMI body mass index, DM diabetes mellitus, HTN hypertension, STEMI ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, UA unstable angina, IE infective endocarditis, PE pulmonary embolism, CHB complete heart block, Af atrial flutter, AF atrial fibrillation, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, CA coronary angiography, CVA cerebrovascular accident, HR heart rate, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, CCI Charlson comorbidity index