Skip to main content

Table 2 Clinical characteristics and co morbidities of females with and without HF

From: Clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcome of heart failure in women: a single center registry from Egyptian cardiac care unit

 No HF, N = 277HF, N = 118P value No HF, N = 277HF, N = 118P value
Clinical data and etiologyAssociated comorbidities
Age49.8 ± 14.560.3 ± 10.50.000Sepsis/shock5 (1.8%)3 (2.5%)0.049
BMI30.35 ± 3.131.6 ± 40.000Pneumonia5 (1.8%)6 (5.1%)0.025
Obesity150 (54.5%)80 (67.8%)0.012AKI20 (7.22%)12 (10.17%)0.114
DM125 (41.6%)45 (38.1%)0.199CKD/ESRD6 (2.2%)3 (2.5%)0.136
HTN121 (61.2%)67 (56.8%)0.017Respir failure2 (0.72%)4 (3.4%)0.019
Dyslipidemia86 (33.1%)47 (39.8%)0.091Liver failure1 (0.36%)9 (7.6%)0.000
Smoking153 (67.4%)2 (1.7%)0.619Tamponade9 (3.25%)3 (2.5%)0.021
Previous MI10 (3.6%)19 (16.1%)0.000GIT bleeding1 (0.36%)3 (2.5%)0.047
Previous PCI10 (3.6%)12 (10.2%)0.004Previous MI6 (2.2%)17 (14.4%)0.000
Previous CABG3 (1.1%)8 (6.78%)0.001Prior CHF3 (1.1%)42 (35.6%)0.000
Valve surgery0 (0%)6 (5.1%)0.000PVD3 (1.1%)2 (1.7%)0.123
Addiction3 (7.3%)0 (0%)0.256CVA/TIA5 (1.8%)10 (8.5%)0.001
STEMI55 (20%)16 (14%)0.053Hemiplegia1 (0.36%)2 (1.7%)0.052
UA/NSTEMI74 (26.7%)21 (8.5%)0.000COPD14 (5.1%)10 (8.5%)0.056
Cardiogenic shock0 (0%)25 (21.2%)0.000DM/end organ damage7 (2.5%)8 (6.8%)0.017
CHB32 (11.6%)1 (0.8%)0.000Mild liver dis5 (1.8%)1 (0.85%)0.111
AF/Flutter25 (9%)22 (18.6%)0.007Severe liver dis2 (0.72%)1 (0.85%)0.139
IE8 (3%)1 (0.8%)0.000peptic ulcer0 (0%)1 (0.85%)0.043
PE79 (28.5%)3 (2.5%)0.000Cancer12 (4.33%)1 (0.85%)0.031
Aortic dissection1 (0.4%)3 (2.5%)0.047Metastasis8 (2.88%)3 (2.5%)0.26
HR (b/min)108.9 ± 38110 ± 370.758Dementia0 (0%)3 (2.5%)0.004
SBP (mmHg)128.7 ± 29121.54 ± 370.03Autoimmu. D13 (4.7%)3 (2.5%)0.009
DBP (mmHg)80.2 ± 1875.3 ± 20.50.01CCI277 (100%)112 (94.9%)0.000
Hospital stay (days)7.14 ± 67.06 ± 50.892Mortality (%)14 (5.1%)13 (11.1%)0.041
  1. BMI body mass index, DM diabetes mellitus, HTN hypertension, STEMI ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, UA unstable angina, IE infective endocarditis, PE pulmonary embolism, CHB complete heart block, Af atrial flutter, AF atrial fibrillation, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, CA coronary angiography, CVA cerebrovascular accident, HR heart rate, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, CCI Charlson comorbidity index