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Table 2 Adherence to the medication comparison with the categorical baseline parameters

From: Adherence to antihypertensive fixed-dose combination among Egyptian patients presenting with essential hypertension

ParametersHigh (n = 825)Medium (n = 523)Low (n = 652)P value
GenderMale465 (56.4%)277 (53%)298 (45.7%)<0.001
Female360 (43.6%)246 (47%)354 (54.3%)
EthnicityMiddle eastern717 (86.9%)405 (77.4%)543 (83.3%)<0.001
White/caucasian100 (12.1%)106 (20.3%)94 (14.4%)
Black8 (1%)12 (2.3%)15 (2.3%)
Educational levelCollege/university559 (67.8%)310 (59.3%)291 (44.6%)<0.001
Primary/secondary school232 (28.1%)164 (31.4%)273 (41.9%)
Illiterate34 (4.1%)49 (9.4%)88 (13.5%)
Marital statusMarried678 (82.2%)431 (82.4%)507 (77.8%)0.017
Widowed92 (11.2%)51 (9.8%)105 (16.1%)
Divorced25 (3%)22 (4.2%)24 (3.7%)
Single30 (3.6%)19 (3.6%)16 (2.5%)
Employment statusFull time423 (51.3%)220 (42.1%)217 (33.3%)<0.001
Retired163 (19.8%)85 (16.3%)107 (16.4%)
Housekeeper96 (11.6%)74 (14.1%)166 (25.5%)
Not employed64 (7.8%)77 (14.7%)105 (16.1%)
Part time79 (9.6%)67 (12.8%)57 (8.7%)
Patient daily physical activity/exercise levelInactive160 (19.4%)116 (22.2%)175 (26.8%)<0.001
Low266 (32.2%)154 (29.4%)256 (39.3%)
Moderate307 (37.2%)191 (36.5%)169 (25.9%)
High92 (11.2%)62 (11.9%)52 (8.0%)
Patient have any diet control/regimenNo523 (63.4%)338 (64.6%)498 (76.4%)<0.001
Yes302 (36.6%)185 (35.4%)154 (23.6%)
Smoking statusNever646 (78.3%)387 (74.0%)470 (72.1%)0.066
Currently108 (13.1%)78 (14.9%)113 (17.3%)
Quit71 (8.6%)58 (11.1%)69 (10.6%)
Family history of HTNYes500 (71.5%)294 (69.5%)387 (74.4%)0.236
No199 (28.5%)129 (30.5%)133 (25.6%)
Frequency/day of last fixed-dose combinationOnce818 (99.2%)513 (98.1%)635 (97.4%)0.031
Twice7 (0.8%)10 (1.9%)17 (2.6%)