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Table 5 Outcomes of VA-ECMO-treated patients

From: Acute neurological complications in adult patients with cardiogenic shock on veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support

CharacteristicsAll patientsCNS eventsNo CNS eventsp valueIschaemic strokeICHp value
ECMO duration (days)9.91 ± 7.5110.79 ± 7.288.76 ± 6.340.2613.10 ± 8.610.88 ± 6.90.19
ICU stay (days)47.4 ± 34.359.9 ± 42.423.7 ± 18.80.0794.9 ± 57.633.7 ± 21.40.01
Mechanical ventilation (days)45.4 ± 26.657.9 ± 34.616.17 ± 14.7990.0248.3 ± 26.228.1 ± 21.50.02
Cerebral oximetry (rSO2%)45.76 ± 11.6437.21 ± 7.0756.97 ± 4.920.0436.70 ± 5.234.25 ± 5.20.8
Tracheostomy15 (22.4)11 (28.9)4 (13.8)0.0342 (50)3 (37.5)0.31
Acute kidney injury51 (76.1)33 (86.8)18 (62.1)0.0238 (80)7 (87.5)0.63
Haemodialysis34 (50.7)24 (63.2)10 (34.5)0.0276 (60)6 (75)0.42
Post ICU hospital stay (days)16.6 ± 9.416.9 ± 7.015.9 ± 12.50.1720.3 ± 7.98.13 ± 2.80.06
Hospital mortality41 (61.2)29 (76.3)12 (41.4)0.0057 (70)7 (87.5)0.04
1 year mortality000 00 
Tube feeding at home4 (5.9)4 (10.5)00.0062 (20)1 (12.5)0.15
Tracheostomy breathing at home3 (4.5)3 (7.9)00.021 (10)1 (12.5)0.6
Chronic haemodialysis1 (1.5)1 (2.6)00.3201 (12.5)0.18