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Table 3 Linear regression analysis to predict arterial stiffness parameters and carotid IMT according to SLE patient/control categorization, after adjusting for diabetes mellitus and hypertension

From: Assessment of vascular stiffness using different modalities in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a case control study

VariableB95% CIp
Aortic strain (%)− 8.9− 11.5 to − 6.2< 0.001
Aortic distensibility− 5.8− 7.6 to − 4< 0.001
Aortic stiffness index4.92.9 to 6.7< 0.001
FMD (%)− 10.1− 12.6 to − 7.6< 0.001
Carotid IMT (max)0.070.02 to 0.130.014
Carotid distension (min)− 170.4− 246 to − 94< 0.001
Carotid CC (min)− 0.45− 0.68 to − .022< 0.001
Carotid DC (min)− 0.01− 0.02 to − 0.01< 0.001
Carotid B-stiffness index (max)4.52.9 to 6.1< 0.001
Carotid AI (max)2.3− 1.1 to 5.60.184
Carotid PWV (max)2.11.5 to 2.8< 0.001
Carotid-femoral PWV (max; corrected)2.01.5 to 2.5< 0.001
  1. FMD flow-mediated dilatation, IMT intima media thickness, CC compliance coefficient, DC distensibility coefficient, AI augmentation index, PWV pulse wave velocity