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Table 1 Distribution of baseline socio-demographic characteristics of participants

From: Patient adherence to antihypertensive medications in upper Egypt: a cross-sectional study

CharacteristicTreatment adherencep value
Non-adherentAdherent
Age  < 0.001*
< 4032 (14.3%)192 (85.7%)
40-65436 (45.6%)520 (54.4%)
> 65836 (67.4%)404 (32.6%)
Gender  < 0.001*
Male664 (45.5%)796 (54.5%)
Female640 (66.7%)320 (33.3%)
Education level  < 0.001*
Illiterate560 (66.67%)280 (33.33%)
Primary/secondary524 (50.58%)512 (49.42%)
Higher220 (40.44%)324 (59.56%)
Income  < 0.001*
Low768 (69.1%)344 (30.9%)
Moderate400 (50.5%)392 (49.5%)
High136 (26.4%)380 (73.6%)
Comorbidities  < 0.001*
No208 (33.3%)416 (66.7%)
Yes1096 (61%)700 (39%)
No. Of antihypertensive pills  
One668 (44.7%)828 (55.3%)< 0.001*
Two356 (61%)228 (39%)
Three or more280 (82.4%)60 (17.6%)
Marital status  0.18
Unmarried480 (53.3%)420 (46.7%)
Married824 (54.2%)696 (45.8%)
Residence  < 0.001*
Rural884 (59.25%)608 (40.75%)
Urban420 (45.3%)508 (54.7%)
Occupation  0.42
Unemployed440 (54.46%)368 (45.54%)
Employed864 (53.6%)748 (46.4%)
  1. Note: Significance of difference was measured by the chi-square test
  2. *Significance at the 0.05 level or less