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Table 3 Clinical presentation

From: Demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcomes among hospitalized heart failure patients across different regions of Egypt

  Total population Alexandria Cairo Delta Upper Egypt P value
Number of patients 1645 914 249 409 73  
HF: new onset, % 38.0 39.2 29.5 42.1 28.6 0.004
HF: worsening, % 62.0 60.8 70.5 58.0 71.4 0.004
NYHA functional class III or IV 92.8 91.4 90.8 96.6 97.2 0.002
HR, median, IQR 100 (90–112) 104 (94–116) 90 (80–105) 100 (90–110) 100 (80–110) < 0.0001
SBP median, IQR 130 (110–150) 140 (120–164) 115 (110–130) 120 (100–140) 110 (100–130) < 0.0001
Sodium, mean (± SD) 137.1 (± 6.3)​ 138.3 (± 5.9) 134.6 (± 6.2) 136.2 (± 5.8) 132.9 (± 7.4) < 0.001
Clinical presentation, %  
Cardiogenic shock/HF 3.7 2.3 4.1 6.1 7.0 < 0.0001
ACS/HF 19.6 26.6 9.8 12.2 5.6 < 0.0001
Decompensated HF 54.8 47.1 68.2 61.1 71.8 0.15
Hypertensive HF 4.7 5.6 4.1 3.4 1.4 0.16
Pulmonary edema/HF 12.7 12.4 9.4 15.2 14.1  
Right-sided HF 4.5 6.0 4.5 2.0 0 0.005
  1. HF heart failure, NYHA New York Heart Association, HR heart rate, SBP systolic blood pressure, SD standard deviation