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Table 4 Workup

From: Demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcomes among hospitalized heart failure patients across different regions of Egypt

  Total population Alexandria Cairo Delta Upper Egypt P value
Number of patients 1645 914 249 409 73  
Echocardiographic findings
Echo performed on admission, % 76.5 73.2 65.0 90.2 74.6 < 0.0001
LVEF %, on admission, mean (±SD) 38.6 (± 12.8) 38.8 (± 12.7) 38 (± 16.0) 37.9 (± 10.3) 39.6 (± 11.3) 0.6
HFpEF, % (of the total cohort) 23.5 18.2 28.7 12.2 21.6 < 0.0001
HFmrEF, % (of the total cohort) 19.2 24.8 10.9 30.6 27.5 0.007
HFrEF, % (of the total cohort) 57.3 57 60.4 57.2 51 0.54
MR moderate/severe, % 61.5 54.3 46.7 78.5 72.0 < 0.0001
AS moderate/severe 3.3 3.2 3.7 2.5 10.0 < 0.0001
AR moderate/severe, % 5.6 3.2 4.4 10.1 8.0 < 0.0001
TR moderate/severe, % 38.7 32.2 38.4 48.1 56.0 < 0.0001
Other diagnostic tools
RHC, % 0.3 0.4 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.4
Coronary angiography, % 7.7 7.3 15.0 5.6 3.0 < 0.0001
  1. LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, HFpEF heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, HFmrEF heart failure with mid-range ejection fraction, HFrEF heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, MR mitral regurgitation, AS aortic stenosis, AR aortic regurgitation, TR tricuspid regurgitation, RHC right heart catheterization