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Table 1 Patients’ characteristics

From: Cardiac catheterization addressing early post-operative complications in congenital heart surgery—a single-center experience

  Number = 27
Age (months) 15 (0.49–241)
Weight (kg) 8.2 (3.4–53)
Diagnosis, n (%)  
 Single ventricle 12 (44.4)
 Conotruncal anomaly: TOF, DORV, PA-VSD, IAA 9 (33.3)
 Others: TAPVC, ALCAPA, Shone’s complex 6 (22.2)
Syndromes, n (%) 2 (7.4)
 Williams 1 (3.7)
 DiGeorge 1 (3.7)
Cardiac catheterization, n (%)  
 Diagnostic 9 (33.3)
 Intervention 18 (66.7)
Time from surgery to catheterization, days 3 (0–32)
Redo surgery after catheterization, n (%) 7 (25.9)
 VSD fenestrations 3 (11.1)
 Fontan fenestration 1 (3.7)
 Baffle augmentation 2 (7.4)
 Arch repair 1 (3.7)
ECMO, n (%) 11 (40.7)
ECMO duration, days 5 (2–7)
Mechanical ventilation, n (%) 21 (77.8)
Total duration of mechanical ventilation, days 12 (2–89)
Inotropic support, n (%) 21 (77.8)
Vasoactive–inotropic score at the time of catheterization 25 (5–90)
PICU admission, n (%) 16 (59.2)
PICU stay, days 16 (1–99)
Hospital stay, days 20 (2–330)
  1. Abbreviations: kg kilograms, TOF tetralogy of Fallot, DORV double outlet right ventricle, PA-VSD pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect, IAA interrupted aortic arch, TAPVC total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, ALCAPA anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery, ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, PICU pediatric intensive care unit