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Table 1 Baseline clinical variables of the VA-ECMO-supported patients

From: Acute vascular complications of femoral veno-arterial ECMO: a single-centre retrospective study

Studied criteria All patients (n = 65) Limb ischemia group (n = 21) No limb ischemia group (n = 44) P value
Age (years) 37.9 ± 14.87 34.4 ± 12.3 39.6 ± 15.8 0.19
Sex
 Males 46 (70.8) 18 (85.7) 28 (63.6) 0.06
 Females 19 (29.2) 3 (14.3) 16 (36.4)
Weight (kg) 70.88 ± 20.9 70.6 ± 23.4 71 ± 19.9 0.61
Height (cm) 164.68 ± 8.1 164.57 ± 6.3 164.7 ± 8.9 0.83
BMI (kg/m2) 26.08 ± 6.7 26.04 ± 7.7 26.11 ± 6.4 0.43
BSA (m2) 1.77 ± 0.27 1.76 ± 0.29 1.78 ± 0.27 0.54
Diabetes mellitus 13 (20) 5 (23.8) 8 (18.2) 0.74
Hypertension 18 (27.7) 5 (23.8) 13 (29.5) 0.62
Pre-ECMO AF 17 (26.2) 4 (19) 13 (29.5) 0.36
Anticoagulants intake 18 (27.7) 5 (23.8) 13 (29.5) 0.62
Aspirin intake 3 (4.6) 1 (4.8) 2 (4.5) 1
Left ventricle EF 26.75 ± 13.4 26.14 ± 12.1 27.1 ± 14.2 0.81
CKD 10 (15.4) 5 (23.8) 5 (11.4) 0.27
Previous CVS 2 (3.1) 1 (4.8) 1 (2.3) 0.54
Cardiothoracic surgery 17 (26.2) 6 (28.6) 11 (25) 0.75
IABP 13 (20) 4 (19) 9 (20.5) 1
Percutaneous cannula insertion
 Successful 36 (55.4) 8 (38.1) 28 (63.6) 0.039
 Failed 19 (29.2) 10 (47.6) 9 (20.5)
 Not tried 10 (15.4) 3 (14.3) 7 (15.9)
US-guided cannula insertion 32 (49.2) 7 (33.3) 25 (56.8) 0.07
Femoral cut-down 29 (44.6) 13 (61.9) 16 (36.4) 0.053
Insertion at operation room 30 (46.2) 13 (61.9) 17 (38.6) 0.078
Arterial cannula size (Fr) 17.85 ± 1.4 18.05 ± 1.36 17.75 ± 1.43 0.77
Venous cannula size (Fr) 21.72 ± 1.3 21.6 ± 1.59 21.7 ± 1.22 0.82
Distal perfusion cannula 52 (80) 15 (71.4) 37 (84.1) 0.32
Cannulation site bleeding 16 (24.6) 6 (28.6) 10 (22.7) 0.6
Cannulation bleeding required exploration 4 (6.3) 1 (4.8) 3 (6.8) 1
  1. Data are presented as number (%) or mean (± SD)