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Table 3 Echocardiographic and Doppler parameters of the patients with and without coronary tortuosity

From: Coronary tortuosity relation with carotid intima-media thickness, coronary artery disease risk factors, and diastolic dysfunction: is it a marker of early atherosclerosis?

Parameter C-Tor (n = 30) Normal (n = 30) P value
C-IMT (mm) 9 ± 7 8 ± 9 0.007
E velocity (cm/s) 75.6 ± 13.9 87.6 ± 9.7 0.001
A velocity (cm/s) 83 ± 20.24 57.5 ± 8.4 < 0.001
E/A ratio 0.99 ± 0.39 1.54 ± 0.23 < 0.001
DT (ms) 137 ± 43.7 184 ± 16.25 < 0.001
S′ velocity (cm/s) 9.15 ± 1.36 8.81 ± 1.03 0.078
E′ velocity (cm/s) 9.8 ± 3.07 12.6 ± 2.55 < 0.001
A′ velocity (cm/s) 10.6 ± 2.2 8.35 ± 2.2 < 0.001
E/E′ ratio 8.1 ± 1.59 6.9 ± 1.3 0.005
E′/A′ ratio 1.01 ± 0.54 1.66 ± 0.31 < 0.001
Diastolic dysfunctiona 21 (70 %) 0 (0 %) < 0.001
  1. C-Tor coronary tortuosity, C-IMT carotid intima-media thickness, DT deceleration time
  2. aDiastolic dysfunction was considered significant for grades II and III