Skip to main content

Table 2 Precipitating factors for heart failure

From: Clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients admitted with acute heart failure: insights from a single-center heart failure registry in South India

  Total
n=449
HFrEF
n=296 (65.9%)
HFmrEF
n=90 (20%)
HFpEF
n=63 (14.03%)
p value
Drug non-compliance 190 (42.3) 142 (31.6) 28(31.1) 20(31.7) 0.001
Increased fluid/salt intake 418 (93) 312 (69.4) 80(88.8) 26(36.5) 0.089
Acute Infections 55 (12.2) 41 (9.1) 12(13.3) 2(3.1) 0.092
Arrhythmias 75 (16.7) 56 (12.4) 15(16.6) 4(6.3) 0.000
ACS 110 (24.4) 82 (18.2) 16(17.7) 12(19.0) 0.000
Acute valvular pathology 55 (12.3) 41 (9.1) 8(8.8) 6(9.5) 0.000
Thyrotoxicosis 16 (3.5) 12 (2.6) 2(2.2) 2(3.1) 0.122
Accelerated hypertension 19 (4.2) 14 (3.1) 2(2.2) 3(4.7) 0.017
Pulmonary thromboembolism 3 (0.6) 2 (0.4) 1(1.1) 0 0.773
Anemia 78 (17.3) 58 (12.9) 15(16.6) 5(7.9) 0.043
  1. ACS acute coronary syndrome