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Table 2 Echocardiographic preoperative characteristics

From: Pre-procedural predictors for multiple clips in percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair

  Total Group I Group II p-value
n = 127 n = 58 n = 69
Annular calcification, n (%) 28 (22%) 21 (36%) 7 (10%) 0.0001
Moderate to severe TR, n (%) 75 (59%) 33 (57%) 42 (61%) 0.8
Carpentier class:
 I, n (%) 28 (22%) 14 (24%) 14 (20%) 0.5
 II, n (%) 9 (7%) 4 (7%) 5 (7%) 0.2
 III, n (%) 90 (71%) 40 (69%) 50 (72%) 0.6
Multiple broad jets, n (%) 7 (6%) 2 (3%) 5 (7%) 0.6
Eccentric jet, n (%) 38 (30%) 16 (28%) 22 (32%) 0.8
PML < 10 mm, n (%) 21 (17%) 12 (21%) 9 (13%) 0.5
LVEDD, mm 58 ± 9 57 ± 10 59 ± 9 0.1
LA diameter, mm 49 ± 8 48 ± 5 51 ± 9 0.026
LVEF, % 38 ± 15 40 ± 15 37 ± 14 0.2
Annulus size, mm 34 ± 4 33 ± 3 34 ± 4 0.017
RVSP, mmHg 47 ± 14 45 ± 16 48 ± 18 0.3
Vena contracta, mm 6.3 ± 1 6.0 ± 0.9 6.6 ± 1 0.001
  1. TR tricuspid regurgitation, LVEDD left ventricle end-diastolic diameter, LVEF left ventricle ejection fraction, RVSP right ventricle systolic pressure, PML posterior mitral leaflet, LA left atrial