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Table 2 Efficacy parameters of the study groups comparing admission and follow-up results

From: Efficacy and safety of hydro-mechanical defragmentation in intermediate- and high-risk pulmonary embolism

  Group A (HMD) Group B (ST) p value
No. 25 No. 25
Systolic blood pressure
 Before procedure 87.2 ± 17.68 85.2 ± 7.14 0.602
 After 24 h 98.75 ± 16.24 89.2 ± 12.22 0.024
 After 48 h 108.7 ± 10.14 94.09 ± 11.82  < 0.001**
 After 30 day 119 ± 6.41 109.47 ± 18.1 0.033*
Diastolic blood pressure
 Before procedure 53.2 ± 16 52.8 ± 7.92 0.911
 After 24 h 63.75 ± 9.24 55.6 ± 8.7 0.003**
 After 48 h 68.7 ± 7.57 59.55 ± 7.22  < 0.001**
 After 30 day 76 ± 5.03 70 ± 12.47 0.054
Pulmonary artery systolic pressure
 Before procedure 59.68 ± 8.35 52.2 ± 6.63  < 0.001**
 After 48 h 46.1 ± 12.18 48.67 ± 6.4 0.464
 After 30 day 36.5 ± 10.35 42.24 ± 6.6 0.065
Respiratory rate
 Before procedure 37.68 ± 4.29 36.8 ± 6.79 0.586
 After 24 h 30.79 ± 3.91 32.28 ± 5.06 0.257
 After 48 h 26.83 ± 5.08 30.73 ± 5.1 0.013*
 After 30 day 19.4 ± 1.73 21.47 ± 2.29 0.004**
Oxygen saturation
 Before procedure 88.44 ± 3.94 92.28 ± 2.56  < 0.001**
 After 24 h 91.71 ± 3.09 92 ± 3.11 0.743
 After 48 h 92.65 ± 4.77 92.82 ± 3.36 0.894
 After 30 day 95.4 ± 1.14 96.47 ± 1.62 0.025*
Heart rate
 Before procedure 130.8 ± 10.38 124.8 ± 8.23 0.028*
 After 24 h 117.5 ± 8.97 117.6 ± 8.79 0.969
 After 48 h 110 ± 7.98 110.91 ± 6.84 0.684
 After 30 day 95.5 ± 5.1 93.44 ± 11.35 0.469
Shock index (HR/SBP)
 Before procedure 1.54 ± 0.4 1.44 ± 0.18 0.276
 After 24 h 1.21 ± 0.28 1.32 ± 0.26 0.142
 After 48 h 1 ± 0.14 1.2 ± 0.24 <0.001**
 After 30 day 0.78 ± 0.1 0.77 ± 0.1 0.940
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation. HMD = hydro-mechanical defragmentation; ST = systemic thrombolysis; PE = pulmonary embolism. * Statistically significant difference (p < 0.05); ** Highly statistically significant difference (p < 0.01)