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Table 1 Predictors of heart failure among patients on hemodialysis therapy

From: Prevalence and predictors of heart failure among patients on maintenance hemodialysis therapy at Muhimbili National Hospital in Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Unadjusted odds ratio (95% CI) p Value Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) p Value
Age of patient (years) 1.03 (0.99–1.07) 0.20 1.03 (0.97–1.08) 0.34
Male gender 1.07 (0.35–3.21) 0.91
Diabetes mellitus 2.03 (0.73–5.65) 0.17 1.83 (0.50–6.70) 0.36
Hyperlipidemia 1.06 (0.12–9.0) 0.96
Angina 10.7 (2.39–47.8)  < 0.05 5.91 (1.06–33.0)  < 0.05
Pre-dialysis hypertension 4.43 (0.57–34.7) 0.16 6.66 (0.28–161) 0.24
Post-dialysis hypertension 3.23 (0.71–14.7) 0.13 1.82 (0.27–12.5) 0.54
Intra-dialytic hypertension 4.89 (1.10–21.7)  < 0.05 7.71 (1.28–46.0)  < 0.05
HIV Disease 0.58 (0.07–4.68) 0.61
HD duration (hours) 1.01 (0.98–1.03) 0.57
HD frequency (twice/week) 1.01 (0.27–3.78) 0.99
Urea reduction ratio (%) 1.02 (0.97–1.06) 0.55
Body mass index (kg/m2) 0.96 (0.84–1.10) 0.53
Serum albumin (g/dl) 0.89 (0.32–2.49) 0.83
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 0.72 (0.54–0.96)  < 0.05 0.70 (0.48–0.99)  < 0.05
Malnutrition Inflammation Score 1.10 (1.01–1.19)  < 0.05 1.03 (0.93–1.14) 0.61