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Table 1 Baseline characteristics among obese and non-obese patients with heart failure

From: Prevalence of obesity and its association with cardiometabolic risk factors, heart failure phenotype and mortality among patients hospitalized for heart failure in Egypt

  Obese (n = 750) Non-obese (n = 853) P value
Age (years) 60.59 ± 10.7 59.58 ± 13.9 0.117
Male 58.0 (435) 75.9 (647)  < 0.001
Presentation
SBP (mmHg) 142.41 ± 33.6 123.82 ± 27.5  < 0.001
HR (beat/min) 106.96 ± 23.6 99.89 ± 19.6  < 0.001
NYHA class III 59.3 (416) 61.2 (417) 0.48
IV 40.7 (286) 38.8 (264)
Hospital presentation ACS/HF 24.8 (188) 14.2 (106)  < 0.001
Cardiogenic shock 2.1(16) 5.6 (42)
Decompensated HF 46.1 (345) 62.9 (470)
Hypertensive HF 8 (59) 2 (15)
Pulmonary edema 14.8 (111) 9.9 (74)
Right HF 4.1 (30) 5.4 (40)
HF etiology and cardiac evaluation
Primary etiology DCM 14.1 (104) 19.7 (144)  < 0.001
HTN 6.3 (46) 2.2 (16)
Ischemic 68.6 (505) 62.1 (454)
Valve disease 7.3 (54) 10 (73)
Other 3.7 (27) 6 (44)
EF (%) 40.89 ± 12.6 36.7 ± 11.7  < 0.001
EF  < 40 58.6 (346) 72.5 (375)  < 0.001
40–49 19.1 (113) 15.1 (78)
 ≥ 50 22.3 (132) 12.4 (67)
Comorbidities
History of MI 69.2 (519) 62.8 (470) 0.005
Smoking 49.9 (750) 68.5 (749)  < 0.001
Diabetes 47.0 (352) 40.2 (312) 0.031
HTN 51.3 (385) 33.0 (247)  < 0.001
AF 27.4 (196) 25.4 (179) 0.22
CKD 17.2 (129) 16.2 (121) 0.628
COPD 12.4 (93) 14.6 (109) 0.227
Stroke 6.7 (50) 8.7 (65) 0.147
PVD 5.3 (40) 4.8 (36) 0.724
Hepatic dysfunction 5.9 (44) 12.7 (95)  < 0.001
Anemia 70.8 (402) 62.5 (408) 0.001
  1. Values are n (%) or mean (± SD)
  2. ACS: acute coronary syndrome; AF: Atrial fibrillation; CKD: chronic kidney disease; COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; EF: Ejection fraction; HR: Heart rate; HF: heart failure, HTN: Hypertension; MI: Myocardial infarction; NYHA: New York Heart Association; PVD: Peripheral vascular disease; SBP: Systolic blood pressure