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Table 2 Baseline characteristics among obese men and obese women with heart failure

From: Prevalence of obesity and its association with cardiometabolic risk factors, heart failure phenotype and mortality among patients hospitalized for heart failure in Egypt

  Obese Men
(n = 435)
Obese Women
(n = 315)
P value
Age (years) 59.8 ± 10.5 61.6 ± 10.9 0.117
Presentation
SBP (mmHg) 139.73 ± 31.3 146.1 ± 36.2 0.01
HR (beat/min) 105.64 ± 21.7 108.78 ± 25.9 0.073
NYHA class III 60.7 (246) 57.4 (171) 0.39
IV 39.3 (149) 42.6 (127)
Hospital presentation ACS/HF 28.3 (123) 20.1 (63) 0.21
Cardiogenic shock 1.1 (43) 3.5 (11)
Decompensated HF 47.6 (207) 43.9 (138)
Hypertensive HF 6 (26) 10.8 (34)
Pulmonary edema 14.5 (63) 15.3 (48)
Right HF 2.5 (11) 6.4 (20)
Cardiac evaluation
EF (%) 38.8 ± 11.6 43.5 ± 13.4  < 0.001
EF  < 40 64.8 (219) 50.4 (128)  < 0.001
40–49 20.1 (68) 17.7 (43)
 ≥ 50 15.1 (51) 31.9 (81)
Primary etiology DCM 14.8 (63) 13.2 (41) 0.46
HTN 4.9 (21) 8 (25)
Ischemic 69.6 (296) 67.2 (209)
Valve disease 6.8 (29) 8 (25)
Other 3.8 (16) 3.5 (11)
Comorbidities
History of MI 74.9 (326) 61.3 (193)  < 0.001
Smoking 80 (348) 8.3 (26)  < 0.001
Diabetes 43.3 (187) 52.1 (163) 0.006
HTN 52.1 (204) 57.5 (181) 0.005
AF 22.5 (95) 34.4 (101) 0.001
CKD 15.2 (66) 20.0 (63) 0.09
COPD 16.3 (71) 7.0 (22) 0.001
Stroke 5.5 (24) 8.2 (26) 0.141
PVD 5.7 (25) 4.8 (15) 0.62
Hepatic dysfunction 6.7 (29) 4.8 (15)  < 0.001
Anemia 58.4 (198) 87.2 (224)  < 0.001
  1. Values are n (%) or mean (± SD)
  2. ACS: acute coronary syndrome; AF: Atrial fibrillation; CKD: chronic kidney disease; COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; EF: Ejection fraction; HR: Heart rate; HF: heart failure, HTN: Hypertension; MI: Myocardial infarction; NYHA: New York Heart Association; PVD: Peripheral vascular disease; SBP: Systolic blood pressure