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Table 2 Comparison of the clinical data of all patients during the decompensated and compensated states

From: The central arterial stiffness parameters in decompensated versus compensated states of heart failure: a paired comparative cohort study

Clinical data Decompensated state Compensated state P value
HR (b/min) 91.7 ± 13.4 75.3 ± 6.9 < 0.001
pSBP (mmHg) 114.3 ± 19.6 112.7 ± 12.4 0.158
pDBP (mmHg) 71.6 ± 11.2 70.6 ± 8.0 0.125
pPP (mmHg) 42.7 ± 14.3 42.0 ± 9.9 0.528
cSBP (mmHg) 103 ± 18.4 100.3 ± 12.4 0.011
cDBP (mmHg) 71.8 ± 11.4 69.9 ± 7.9 0.007
cPP (mmHg) 30.7 ± 12.4 30.4 ± 9.0 0.705
AP (mmHg) 12.5 ± 7.8 6.3 ± 4.1 < 0.001
AIx@75 (%) 21.7 ± 10.2 14.1 ± 5.9 < 0.001
RM (%) 59.0 ± 9.3 45.5 ± 9.2 < 0.001
PWV (m/sec) 8.9 ± 1.3 8.0 ± 1.3 < 0.001
LVEDD (cm) 6.8 ± 0.4 6.7 ± 0.4 0.367
LVESD (cm) 5.2 ± 0.5 5.2 ± 0.6 0.052
EF (%) 27.6 ± 3.5 28.0 ± 3.7 0.005
LA diameter (cm) 5.0 ± 0.4 4.9 ± 0.4 0.01
Mitral annular E/e' 18.9 ± 4.1 15.7 ± 3.0 < 0.001
EPASP (mmHg) 46.3 ± 9.1 44.8 ± 7.9 0.001
Hb (g/dl) 12.2 ± 2.2 12.4 ± 1.9 0.007
Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.9 ± 0.2 0.8 ± 0.1 < 0.001
Na (mEq/L) 129.4 ± 5.5 130.8 ± 5.1 0.002
K (mEq/L) 4.3 ± 0.8 4.2 ± 0.6 0.581
  1. Significant P value (<0.05) is presented in bold
  2. Data are presented as mean ± SD
  3. AIx@75, augmentation index corrected to heart rate of 75 beats per minute; AP, augmentation pressure; cDBP, central diastolic blood pressure; cPP, central pulse pressure; cSBP, central systolic blood pressure; EF, ejection fraction; EPASP, estimated pulmonary artery systolic pressure; Hb, haemoglobin; HR, heart rate; LA, left atrium; LVEDD, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter; LVESD, left ventricular end-systolic diameter; LVH, left ventricular hypertrophy; pDBP, peripheral diastolic blood pressure; pPP, peripheral pulse pressure; pSBP, peripheral systolic blood pressure; PWV, pulse wave velocity; RM, reflection magnitude; RV, right ventricle; RWMAs, regional wall motion abnormalities