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Table 4 Comparison between males and females during decompensated and compensated states of heart failure

From: The central arterial stiffness parameters in decompensated versus compensated states of heart failure: a paired comparative cohort study

  Decompensated state Compensated state
Measured parameters by the device Males (n = 80) Females (n = 20) P value Males (n = 80) Females (n = 20) P value
Heart rate (b/min) 89.8 ± 13.2 99.2 ± 11.7 0.005 74.2 ± 6.6 79.7 ± 6.4 0.001
Peripheral SBP (mmHg) 112 ± 18.4 123.8 ± 22.2 0.016 112.5 ± 12.2 113.7 ± 13.7 0.693
Peripheral DBP (mmHg) 71.3 ± 10.6 72.9 ± 13.2 0.565 70.5 ± 8.1 71.3 ± 8.0 0.683
Peripheral PP (mmHg) 40.6 ± 14.1 50.8 ± 12.3 0.004 42.0 ± 10.2 42.4 ± 8.9 0.869
Central SBP (mmHg) 101.2 ± 17.2 110.5 ± 21.5 0.044 99.9 ± 12.1 102.3 ± 14.0 0.438
Central DBP (mmHg) 71.5 ± 10.9 73.2 ± 13.5 0.561 70.0 ± 7.9 69.7 ± 8.3 0.851
Central PP (mmHg) 29.2 ± 12.4 36.8 ± 10.6 0.014 29.9 ± 9.2 32.7 ± 8.4 0.218
Augmentation pressure (mmHg) 12.1 ± 7.9 14.1 ± 7.7 0.335 6.0 ± 4.2 7.7 ± 3.6 0.097
Augmentation index@75 (%) 19.6 ± 8.1 30.1 ± 13.2 0.003 12.8 ± 4.8 19.6 ± 7.2 0.001
Reflection magnitude (%) 58.9 ± 8.1 59.4 ± 13.4 0.881 46.0 ± 8.7 43.6 ± 11.2 0.296
Pulse wave velocity (m/s) 8.9 ± 1.3 8.9 ± 1.2 0.799 8.1 ± 1.4 7.9 ± 1.1 0.586
  1. Significant P value (<0.05) is presented in bold
  2. Data are presented as mean ± SD
  3. DBP, diastolic blood pressure; PP, pulse pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure