Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic, echocardiographic, and laboratory findings of the patients with Chiari network

From: Three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of Chiari’s network relationship with the left ventricular false tendon

Characteristic n = 49 % Mean ± standard deviation
Gender (male) 33 67.3  
Age (years)    35.9 ± 15.0
Body mass index (kg/m2)    22.8 ± 3.1
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)    117.6 ± 9.7
Heart rate (beats/minute)    68.9 ± 9.7
Hypertension 5 10.2  
Dyslipidemia 4 8.2  
Diabetes mellitus 5 10.2  
Chronic kidney disease 1 2.0  
Smoking 21 42.9  
Sodium (mmol/L)    140.0 ± 2.2
Potassium (mmol/L)    4.4 ± 0.4
Creatinine (mg/dL)    0.9 ± 0.2
Glucose (mg/dL)    97.1 ± 44.6
AST (U/L)    19.5 ± 6.3
ALT (U/L)    20.0 ± 13.9
Echocardiography parameters
Aortic root diameter/Left atrium (cm)    2.7 ± 0.4/3.2 ± 0.4
Right atrium/RVDd (cm)    3.0 ± 0.4/2.8 ± 0.4
IVSd/LVPWd (cm)    0.9 ± 0.2/0.9 ± 0.2
LVIDd/LVIDs (cm)    4.5 ± 0.5/2.9 ± 0.4
E/A (cm/s)    0.8 ± 0.2/0.6 ± 0.1
LVEF (%)    64.9 ± 5.8
Aortic insufficiency (mild) 2 4.1  
Mitral insufficiency (mild) 16 32.7  
Tricuspid insufficiency (mild or moderate) 19 38.7  
Pulmonary insufficiency (mild) 2 4.1  
IASA 31 63.3  
Positive contrast echo 22 44.9  
Atrial septal defect 2 4.1  
Patent foramen ovale 4 8.2  
  1. Chronic kidney disease—creatinine > 2.0 mg/dl; hemodialysis or renal transplantation
  2. ALT Alanine transaminase; AST Aspartate transaminase; IASA Interatrial septal aneurysm; IVSd Interventricular septal end-diastole diameter; LVEF Left ventricle ejection fraction, LVIDd Left ventricular internal end-diastole diameter; LVIDs Left ventricular internal end-systole diameter; LVPWd Left ventricular posterior wall end-diastole diameter; RVDd Right ventricular end-diastole diameter