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  1. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2) and was declared a worldwide pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March ...

    Authors: Daha Garba Muhammad and Ibrahim Ahmad Abubakar

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:2

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  2. This article has been retracted. Please see the Retraction Notice for more detail: https://doi.org/10.1186/s43044-020-00091-z.

    Authors: Saumen Nandi, Anindya Mukherjee, Dibbendhu Khanra and Kaushik Biswas

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:89

    Content type: Retraction Note

    Published on:

    The original article was published in The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:56

  3. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Raghavendra Rao K, Sreenivas Reddy, Jeet Ram Kashyap, Vadivelu Ramalingam, Debabrata Dash, Vikas Kadiyala, Suraj Kumar, Hithesh Reddy, Jaspreet Kaur, Ashok Kumar, Naindeep Kaur and Anish Gupta

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:88

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:86

  4. Acute pulmonary thromboembolism is the most dangerous presentation of venous thromboembolic disease. The role of thrombolysis in massive pulmonary embolism has been studied extensively, but the same is not the...

    Authors: Nadeem U. Rehman, Mohd Iqbal Dar, Manish Bansal and R. R. Kasliwal

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:87

    Content type: Research

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  5. Not every patient achieves normal coronary flow following fibrinolysis in STEMI (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction). The culprit lesion plaque characteristics play a prominent role in the coronary flo...

    Authors: Raghavendra Rao K, Sreenivas Reddy, Jeet Ram Kashyap, Vadivelu Ramalingam, Debabrata Dash, Vikas Kadiyala, Suraj Kumar, Hithesh Reddy, Jaspreet Kaur, Ashok Kumar, Naindeep Kaur and Anish Gupta

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:86

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:88

  6. The trans-catheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) usually has a rapid impact on biventricular remodelling and functions. Whether the transcatheter closure of ASD at early childhood or at adulthood age w...

    Authors: Areej Alkhateeb, Alaa Roushdy, Hosam Hasan-Ali, Yehia Taha Kishk and Ayman K. M. Hassan

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:85

    Content type: Research

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  7. Vitamin D deficiency is a prevalent condition that is found in about 30–50% of the general population, and it is increasing as a new risk factor for coronary artery disease. Our study aimed to evaluate the rel...

    Authors: Abdallah Ahmed Abdallah, Mohamed Ahmed Abd Elrhman, Ahmd Elshazly and Islam Bastawy

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:84

    Content type: Research

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  8. Cardiac catheterization after congenital heart surgery may play an important role in the diagnosis and management of patients with a complicated or unusual post-operative course. The main objective of this stu...

    Authors: Saud Bahaidarah, Jameel Al-Ata, Gaser Abdelmohsen, Naif Alkhushi, Mohamed Abdelsalam, Mohammed Mujahed, Osman Al-Radi, Ahmed Elassal, Zaher Zaher, Ahmad Azhar and Ahmed M. Dohain

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:83

    Content type: Research

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  9. Numerous invasive and noninvasive diagnostic tests with different cost and effectiveness exist for detection of coronary artery disease. This diversity leads to unnecessary utilization of health services. For ...

    Authors: Parvin Jafari, Reza Goudarzi, Mohammadreza Amiresmaeili and Hamidreza Rashidinejad

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:82

    Content type: Research

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  10. Assessment of the interatrial septum (IAS) has become an attractive area of interest for a variety of important interventional procedures. Newer imaging modalities like multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) a...

    Authors: Abdalla Elagha, Yaseen Othman, Reham Darweesh, Ghada Awadein and Assem Hashad

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:81

    Content type: Research

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  11. Coronary artery disease is one of the major issues in the medical world around the globe. The prevalence tends to increase. The use of coronary intervention is one of the ways often used in the management of c...

    Authors: Sidhi Laksono, Budhi Setianto and Steven Philip Surya

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:80

    Content type: Review

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  12. Floating right heart thrombi (RHT) represent an underdiagnosed, potentially hazardous, and to some extent rare phenomenon in patients presenting with acute pulmonary embolism (APE). Emergent treatment is usual...

    Authors: Peter Philip Shaker Selwanos, Ahmed Osman Ahmed, Karim Mohamed El Bakry, Ahmed Nazmy Elsharkawy, Omar Alaaeldin Mohamed, Hatem Hosny and Amir Anwar Shaker Samaan

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:79

    Content type: Case Report

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  13. Optical coherence tomography showed a great ability to identify adverse features during percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents and resulted in better clinical outcomes. The study aimed to ...

    Authors: Arif A. Al Nooryani, Nagwa A. Abdelrahman, Hatem A. Helmy, Yehia T. Kishk and Ayman K. M. Hassan

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:77

    Content type: Research

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  14. In majority of children bidirectional Glenn shunt is a safe and efficacious procedure with minimal post-operative issues. Rarely, there may be dysfunction in the Glenn pathway due loss of anatomical integrity ...

    Authors: Aritra Mukherji, Sanjiban Ghosh, Jayita Nandi Das and Amitabha Chattopadhyay

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:76

    Content type: Case Report

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  15. In 1993, 1000 randomly selected employed Swedish men aged 45–50 years were invited to a nurse-led health examination with a survey on life style, fasting lab tests, and a 12-lead ECG. A repeat examination was ...

    Authors: Lennart Dimberg, Bo Eriksson and Per Enqvist

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:75

    Content type: Research

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  16. Veno-arterial ECMO is a life-supporting procedure that can be done to the patients with cardiogenic shock which is associated with hyperlactatemia. The objective of this study was to detect the validity of ser...

    Authors: Mohamed Laimoud and Mosleh Alanazi

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:74

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. The COVID-19 pandemic poses a major burden to the healthcare system in Egypt, and in the face of a highly infective disease which can prove fatal, healthcare systems need to change their management protocols t...

    Authors: Hesham S. Taha, Mirna M. Shaker and Mohamed M. Abdelghany

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:73

    Content type: Review

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  18. We hypothesized that 1st generation everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) stent associated with less complication and less restenosis rate than everolimus-eluting stent (EES) in chronic tota...

    Authors: Mohammad Abdallah Eltahlawi, Abdel-Aziz Fouad Abdel-Aziz, Abdel-Salam Sherif, Khalid Abdel-Azeem Shokry and Islam Elsayed Shehata

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:72

    Content type: Research

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  19. Vascular spasm is well known to occur in the arterial system. Central venous spasm during pacemaker implantation is uncommon with only a few cases reported from time to time. Sometimes, the venous spasms may n...

    Authors: Krishna Santosh Vemuri, Nitin Parashar, Dinakar Bootla, Pruthvi C. Revaiah, Kewal Kanabar, Krishna Prasad Nevali, Yash Paul Sharma, Ganesh Kasinadhuni and Prashant Panda

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:71

    Content type: Case Report

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  20. The COVID-19 pandemic brought restriction to the movement of people due to the implementation of lockdown across various regions around the world. In India, most of the patients belong to rural areas and hence...

    Authors: Gurbhej Singh, Samir Kapoor, Vasu Bansal, Mehtab Grewal, Bhupinder Singh, Abhishek Goyal, Rohit Tandon, Shibba Takkar Chhabra, Naved Aslam, Gurpreet Singh Wander and Bishav Mohan

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:70

    Content type: Research

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  21. Cardiac rehabilitation has been shown to reduce cardiac mortality, improve quality of life, and reduce hospitalizations. Cardiac rehabilitation programs are usually performed over a 12-week period. Studies hav...

    Authors: Ahmed El Missiri, Sameh Atteya Amin, Islam Reda Tawfik and Adel Mohamed Shabana

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:69

    Content type: Research

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  22. Patients with established cardiovascular diseases have a poor prognosis when affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Also, the cardiovascular system, especially the heart, is affected by COVID-19....

    Authors: Ahmed Alaarag, Timoor Hassan, Sameh Samir and Mohamed Naseem

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:68

    Content type: Research

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  23. Obesity is recognized as a classic risk factor for atherosclerosis and subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Weight loss after bariatric surgery has been associated with reduced CV mortality and total morta...

    Authors: Waleed Ammar, Hossam Abdel Basset, Amr AL Faramawy, Tarek Hegazy and Yasser Sharaf

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:67

    Content type: Research

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  24. Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) indicates the serious clinical manifestation of coronary artery disease (CAD) and is closely associated with cardiovascular prognosis in patients with ACS. This study was aimed to...

    Authors: Mohd Iqbal Dar, Jahangir Rashid Beig, Iqra Jan, Tariq Rashid Shah, Muzaffar Ali, Hilal A. Rather and Nisar A. Tramboo

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:66

    Content type: Research

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  25. Transcatheter device closure is a safe procedure recommended in children with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). While the standard procedure uses arterial and venous femoral access, it poses risk of vascular com...

    Authors: Lipi Uppal, Manoj Kumar Rohit, Parag Barwad, Sanjeev Naganur, Uma Debi, Ganesh Kasinadhuni, Krishna Santosh, Pruthvi CR and Saroj Sahoo

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:65

    Content type: Research

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  26. Hypoplastic right heart syndrome with pulmonary atresia is a rare cyanotic heart disease with poor prognosis requiring urgent intervention to establish the pulmonary blood flow. Pulmonary blood flow is achieve...

    Authors: Parag Barwad, Krishna Prasad, Jyothi Vijay and Sanjeev Naganur

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:64

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  27. Although B-blockers provide unequivocal benefits in heart failure (HF) management, some B-blockers worsen insulin resistance. It will be a promising strategy to recruit such a B blocker that did not worsen or ...

    Authors: Yasser Gaber Metwally, Heba Kamal Sedrak and Inass Fahiem Shaltout

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:63

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Aortic root abscess (ARA) is a major complication of infective endocarditis that is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Limited data are present about patient characteristics and outcomes in thi...

    Authors: Kareem Mahmoud, Tarek Hammouda, Hossam Kandil and Marwa Mashaal

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:62

    Content type: Research

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  29. To present a case of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery evaluated with invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and ECG-gated coronary computed tomography (CCT).

    Authors: Armando Ugo Cavallo, Emanuele Muscogiuri, Marco Forcina, Antonio Colombo, Flavio Fiore and Massimiliano Sperandio

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:61

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  30. Trans-ulnar approach was proposed primarily for elective procedures in patients not suitable for trans-radial approach that was introduced two decades ago. The trans-ulnar approach is as safe and effective as ...

    Authors: Mohammad Shafiq, Hesham Boushra Mahmoud and Malak Lamie Fanous

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:60

    Content type: Research

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  31. Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity has been classified based on its onset into acute, early, and late. It may have a significant burden on the quality and quantity of life of those exposed to this class of m...

    Authors: Ahmed Ayuna and Nik Abidin

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:59

    Content type: Review

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  32. Wellens’ syndrome is known to be associated with left anterior descending artery occlusion that could lead to an extensive anterior wall myocardial infarction. Thus, emergency cardiac catheterization is needed...

    Authors: I Gde Rurus Suryawan, Jordan Bakhriansyah, Mia Puspitasari, Parama Gandi, Ryan Enast Intan and Firas Farisi Alkaff

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:58

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  33. The most common post-surgical complication of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is pulmonary regurgitation (PR) which can lead to right ventricle (RV) dysfunction/failure. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is the imagi...

    Authors: Mahmoud Shaaban, Mai Salama, Ayman Alsaied, Raghda Elsheikh and Magdy Elmasry

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:57

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Coronary artery disease (CAD) and lower extremity artery disease (LEAD) often coexist. Ankle brachial index (ABI) has been shown to be an independent predictor of CAD. Studies have reported correlation of CAD ...

    Authors: Saumen Nandi, Anindya Mukherjee, Dibbendhu Khanra and Kaushik Biswas

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:56

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:89

  35. Shortening of the hospital stay in patients admitted with the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been observed within the last decades. Our center is the only cardiac center in the region provi...

    Authors: Sheeren Khaled, Najeeb Jaha, Ghada Shalaby, Azmat Khadija Niazi, Faisal Alhazmi, Hadeel Alqasimi, Rahaf Abu Ruzaizah, Mryam Haddad, Mroj Alsabri and Heba Kufiah

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:55

    Content type: Research

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  36. Blalock-Taussig shunt (BTS) continues to have a relatively high operative and short-term mortality, even in the current era. We report the use of drug-eluting stent in a child with acute shunt thrombosis, whic...

    Authors: Arun Gopalakrishnan, Bijulal Sasidharan, Sabarinath Menon and Kavassery Mahadevan Krishnamoorthy

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:54

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  37. The usage of guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) in the treatment of heart failure (HF) has shown to reduce morbidity and mortality. However, majority of the HF patients do not receive GDMT or do not ach...

    Authors: Jeeva Joseph, Stephy P S, Jude James, Suja Abraham and Jabir Abdullakutty

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:53

    Content type: Research

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  38. Cardiac hydatidosis is a rare manifestation of Echinococcus infection. It represents 0.5 to 2% of hydatic disease (Mustafa et al., Can J Cardiol 22:2, 2006). The most common localization is the myocardium of the ...

    Authors: Badre El Boussaadani, Hind Regragui, Hanae Bouhdadi, Hicham Wazaren, Intissar Ajhoun, Mohamed Laaroussi and Mohammed Cherti

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:51

    Content type: Case Report

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  39. Office blood pressure (OBP) measurement is the most common method of blood pressure measurement. However, it is associated with several pitfalls as white coat effect and masked hypertension. Ambulatory blood p...

    Authors: Kareem Mahmoud, Ayah ElAroussy, Yasser Baghdady, Wafaa ElAroussy and Heba ElDeeb

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:50

    Content type: Research

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  40. Regional level data on hospitalized heart failure (HHF) patients in Egypt is scarce. The aim of this study was to compare the demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of HHF patients from four dist...

    Authors: Ahmed Hassanin, Mahmoud Hassanein, Ahmed Bendary and Madiha Abdel Maksoud

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:49

    Content type: Research

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  41. Although rare, the possibility of encountering an anomalous coronary artery is a reality. The outcome of such a procedure is greatly influenced by the awareness of the operator about the anatomical variations ...

    Authors: Mohd Iqbal Dar, Aamir Rashid, Mohd Iqbal Wani, Hilal A. Rather and Khursheed A. Khan

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:48

    Content type: Case Report

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  42. Diffuse long coronary lesions require long overlapping stents which produce less than optimal long-term results. Sizing of long stents becomes difficult owing to tapering of coronaries and overlapping with exc...

    Authors: Yash Paul Sharma, Krishna Santosh, Prashant Panda, Krishna Prasad, Lipi Uppal, Shrimanth Y S, C. R. Pruthvi and B. Dinakar

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:47

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  43. In several developing industrial countries, the incidence of obesity among populations is spreading quickly and dramatically; also, the frequency of maternal obesity is in continuous elevation, which represent...

    Authors: Suzan Bayoumy, Marwa Habib and Randa Abdelmageed

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:46

    Content type: Research

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  44. Healthcare workforce should mirror the population in representing patients’ diversity; however, in certain medical specialties like cardiology, there is a significant under-representation of females in fellows...

    Authors: Hasan Ali Farhan and Zainab Atiyah Dakhil

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:45

    Content type: Commentary

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  45. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is progressively recognized as a potential atherogenic condition that is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). Factors that affect the cardiovascular system as diabet...

    Authors: Ahmed Hussein, Mohamed Abdel Ghany and Hossam Eldin M. Mahmoud

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:44

    Content type: Research

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  46. Worldwide, coronary heart disease (CHD) is topping the foremost important chief causes of mortality. Fragmented QRS (f-QRS) is a pattern of QRS complex in 12 leads surface ECG which showed a promising value in...

    Authors: Ahmad Salah Younis, Moataz Ibrahim El-Halag, Mahmoud Ali ElBadry and Nora Ismail Mohamed Abbas

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:43

    Content type: Research

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