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Table 4 Relation between different CT vessel measurement and plaque characterization with future cardiovascular clinical events

From: Detection of positively remodeled coronary artery lesions by multislice CT and its impact on cardiovascular future events

Variable at remodeling siteNo clinical events
No. = 30
Clinical events
No. 25
P value
Area (mm2)Vessel25.30 ± 10.6827.92 ± 10.600.368
Wall16.27 ± 7.1118.96 ± 6.510.152
Total plaque15.93 ± 6.6518.76 ± 6.420.117
Low-attenuation plaqueMedian 5 (4–6) 2–105 (4–6) 2–90.421
Medium attenuation plaqueMedian 7 (6–10) 3–158 (7–10) 4–210.288
High-attenuation plaqueMedian 1 (0–2) 0–132 (1–6) 0–120.025*
Percentage (%)Wall/lumen area188.73 ± 53.34263.72 ± 122.710.004**
Plaque burden64.37 ± 6.0369.72 ± 9.710.016*
Low-attenuation plaque area36.60 ± 10.6428.08 ± 9.810.003**
Medium attenuation plaque area50.87 ± 13.0249.04 ± 16.380.647
High-attenuation plaque areaMedian 9 (1–11 0–379 (6–41) 0–620.117
Mean density (HU)Low attenuationMedian 6 (1–14) − 21.00–206 (0–16) − 19.00–210.806
Medium attenuation93.23 ± 7.3295.32 ± 6.670.278
High attenuationMedian 170 (162–208) 0–428196 (166–381) 0–6300.106
Calcium score (Agatston method)Plaque-specificMedian 0 (0–0) 0–180 (0–62) 0–910.010*
Total calcium scoreMedian
0 (0–0) 0–48
0 (0–260) 0–8500.009**
Remodeling index1.39 ± 0.211.44 ± 0.300.479
  1. HU Hounsfield unit
  2. *Significant P value, **Highly significant P value