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  1. Conventionally, routes of vascular access commonly include femoral and radial arteries with brachial, ulnar and subclavian arteries being rarely used for coronary interventions. Non-femoral arterial access is ...

    Authors: Ankit Kumar Sahu, Sudesh Prajapati and Danish Hasan Kazmi

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:101

    Content type: Commentary

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  2. The ideal conduit for repair of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) during the Ross procedure remains unclear and has yet to be fully elucidated. We perform a pairwise meta-analysis to compare the short...

    Authors: Adham Ahmed, Sarah Ahmed, Kathryn S. Varghese, Dave M. Mathew, Roshan Pandey, Dillon O. Rogando, Stephanie A. Salazar, Peter J. Fusco and Kenneth H. Levy

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:100

    Content type: Review

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  3. To estimate death probabilities after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and medical therapy (MT) in patients under 60 years old. We conducted a search systematic on...

    Authors: Mohammad Afrouzi, Farbod Ebadi Fard Azar, Ali Aboutorabi, Marjan Hajahmadi and Seyed Javad Ebadi

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:99

    Content type: Review

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  4. Coronary angiography is used as a qualified method to diagnose coronary heart disease. However, patients undergoing coronary angiography experience a great deal of anxiety. The present study is aimed at invest...

    Authors: Mostafa Keshvari, Mohammad Reza Yeganeh, Ezzat Paryad, Zahra Atrkar Roushan and Moluk Pouralizadeh

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:98

    Content type: Research

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  5. Heart failure among patients on hemodialysis therapy portends poor outcomes. Traditional risk factors like aging, hypertension and diabetes mellitus are relatively common in these patients and may not accurate...

    Authors: Puneet Kishore Bramania, Paschal Joseph Ruggajo and Francis Fredrick Furia

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:97

    Content type: Research

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  6. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing in recognition as a hepatic condition that is unrelated to significant alcoholic consumption, but has rather, been suggested to constitute cardiovascular...

    Authors: Samira Saraya, Mahmoud Saraya, Mohamed Mahmoud, Mohamed Galal, Hazem Hamed Soliman and Mariam Raafat

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:96

    Content type: Research

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  7. Significance of total ischemic time (TIT) in the context of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is still controversial. Therefore, in this study, we have evaluate the association of TIT with imm...

    Authors: Sanam Khowaja, Salik Ahmed, Rajesh Kumar, Jehangir Ali Shah, Kamran Ahmed Khan, Naveed Ullah Khan, Tahir Saghir, Syed Nadeem Hasan Rizvi, Nadeem Qamar and Musa Karim

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:95

    Content type: Research

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  8. Handful studies report the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among medical students from India and none from the eastern part of the country.

    Authors: Somnath Mukhopadhay, Anindya Mukherjee, Dibbendhu Khanra, Biaus Samanta, Avik Karak and Santanu Guha

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:94

    Content type: Research

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  9. Sodium – glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors reduce blood glucose by inhibiting reabsorption of glucose from the proximal renal tubules. Initial studies showed that apart from reducing blood glucose th...

    Authors: Uday Sankar Das, Aritra Paul and Suvro Banerjee

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:93

    Content type: Review

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  10. Aortic cross-clamp utilized during cardiac surgery facilitates motionless and bloodless surgical field. However, the duration of clamp time has an inverse effect on early post-operative recovery period. In thi...

    Authors: Ashraf Fadel Moh’d, Hayel Talal Al-Odwan, Salah Altarabsheh, Zeid Mohammad Makahleh and Mohammad Abdallah Khasawneh

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:92

    Content type: Research

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  11. With the continuous improvement of the respiratory care of Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients, cardiac manifestations (heart failure and arrhythmias) become the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Ear...

    Authors: Mahmoud Shehta, Mona Mostafa Rayan, Nagia Aly Fahmy, Ahmed Onsy and Islam Bastawy

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:91

    Content type: Research

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  12. We aimed to establish a clinical registry for patients with congenital heart disease who referred to multidetector computed tomography in our country, to describe the pattern and clinical profile of such patie...

    Authors: Dina Adel Ezzeldin, Mohamed Saber Hafez and Amr Mansour

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:90

    Content type: Research

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  13. The aorta is the largest and strongest artery in the body that plays an important role in the control of systemic vascular resistance and heart rate. Aortic diseases contribute to the wide spectrum of arterial...

    Authors: Ahmed Shehata Mohamed Ismail, Shareefa Ali Mohammad Al-Suraimi, Hossam El Din Ghanem El Hossary, Mohamed Ali Salem and Hossam Ibrahim Hamed Kandil

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:89

    Content type: Research

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  14. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is major cardiovascular disease that causes high morbidity and mortality. In AMI, ischemia and necrosis affected some cardiomyocytes leading to a decrease in myocardial contra...

    Authors: Harefa, Ika Prasetya Wijaya, Muhadi, Cleopas Martin Rumende, Sally Aman Nasution, Sukamto Koesnoe, Maruhum Bonar Marbun and Hamzah Shatri

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:88

    Content type: Research

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  15. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Over three quarters of the cardiovascular deaths take place in low and middle-income countries. Despite the ben...

    Authors: Rebecca Farah, Wim Groot and Milena Pavlova

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:87

    Content type: Research

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  16. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is the most common congenital heart disease. In patients with large VSD, left side chambers are subjected to volume overload with subsequent chambers dilatation and eccentric le...

    Authors: Amr Abdel Aal, Housam M. Hassan, Dina Ezzeldin and Maiy El Sayed

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:86

    Content type: Research

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  17. Heart failure (HF) is a major global challenge, emphasised by its designation as the leading cause of hospitalisation in those aged 65 and above. Approximately half of all patients with HF have concurrent iron...

    Authors: Hassan Ismahel and Nadeen Ismahel

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:85

    Content type: Review

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  18. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is the third most common acute cardiovascular syndrome. Percutaneous catheter directed hydro-mechanical defragmentation (HMD) is one of the recommended treatment options for PE in patie...

    Authors: Ayman K. M. Hassan, Heba Ahmed, Yousef Ahmed, Abd-Elazim Abo Elfadl and Amany Omar

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:84

    Content type: Research

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  19. Ductal stenting is the preferred method of securing adequate pulmonary blood flow in patients with duct-dependent pulmonary circulation. The main limitation in most centers is the difficult vertical tubular or...

    Authors: Saud Bahaidarah, Jameel Al-Ata, Naif Alkhushi, Ahmad Azhar, Zaher Zaher, Bayan Alnahdi, Mohamed Abdelsalam, Ahmed Elakaby, Ahmed Dohain and Gaser Abdelmohsen

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:83

    Content type: Research

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  20. COVID-19 associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (CARDS) is a severe form of SARS CoV-2 infection and affects about 15–30% of hospitalized patients with a high mortality rate. Growing research and data ...

    Authors: Eka Prasetya Budi Mulia and Kevin Luke

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:82

    Content type: Commentary

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  21. Percutaneous mitral valve (MV) clipping for mitral regurgitation (MR) revolutionized MV repair; however, valve anatomies and pathologies vary. Often multiple clips are required, and predicting this pre-procedu...

    Authors: Mohammad El Garhy, Bernward Lauer, Björn Göbel, Lisa C. Costello-Boerrigter, Carsten Salomon, Harald Lapp and Marc-Alexander Ohlow

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:79

    Content type: Research

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  22. Deferred stenting, despite being successful in early studies, showed no benefit in recent trials. However, these trials were testing routine deferral; not in patients with heavy thrombus burden.

    Authors: Ahmed M. Magdy, Salwa R. Demitry, Hosam Hasan-Ali, Mohamed Zaky, Mohamed Abd El-Hady and Mohamed Abdel Ghany

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:78

    Content type: Research

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  23. Cardiovascular system involvement in coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has gained great interest in the scientific community.

    Authors: Eman Sobh, Muhammad Saad Reihan, Tamer M. S. Hifnawy, Khloud Gamal Abdelsalam, Sohaila Sabry Awad, Nehal Mostafa Hamed Mahmoud, Nariman A. Sindi and Hani A. Alhadrami

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:77

    Content type: Review

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  24. Arrhythmia, one of the most common complications of COVID-19, was reported in nearly one-third of diagnosed COVID-19 patients, with higher prevalence rate among ICU admitted patients. The underlying etiology f...

    Authors: Omnia Azmy Nabeh, Maiada Mohamed Helaly, Rahma Menshawey, Esraa Menshawey, Mohammed Mansoor Matooq Nasser and Ahmed Mohamed Diaa El-deen

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:76

    Content type: Review

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  25. Anemia affects one-third of heart failure patients and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Despite being one of the commonest comorbidities associated with heart failure, there is a significa...

    Authors: Yash Paul Sharma, Navjyot Kaur, Ganesh Kasinadhuni, Akash Batta, Pulkit Chhabra, Samman Verma and Prashant Panda

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:75

    Content type: Review

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  26. Despite the marked improvement in the aortic dissection repair techniques, residual dissected aorta with a patent false lumen remains an issue. So, the aim of our study is to observe the effect of inserting th...

    Authors: Mostafa Mehanna, Moustafa Elhamami, Ahmed Abolkasem, Bassem Ramadan, Abdallah Almaghraby and Jorge Mascaro

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:74

    Content type: Research

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  27. Subaortic obstruction by a membrane or systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve leaflets is usually suspected in young patients, especially if the anatomy of the aortic valve is not clearly stenotic and un...

    Authors: Hoda Abdelgawad, Mahmoud Shehata, Mahmoud Abdelnabi, Abdallah Almaghraby and Mohamed Ayman Abdel-Hay

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:73

    Content type: Commentary

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  28. The gene NKX2-5 is a key transcription factor that plays an essential role in normal cardiac development. Although some recent studies have studied the role of polymorphisms in the NKX2-5 gene in congenital heart...

    Authors: Sana Ashiq, Kanwal Ashiq and Muhammad Farooq Sabar

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:72

    Content type: Research

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  29. The impact of early diagnosis of fetal cardiac abnormalities on the postnatal outcome has been controversial in literature. We aimed to evaluate the role of fetal echocardiography (FE) as a diagnostic tool for...

    Authors: Marwa Moustapha Al-Fahham, Nada Ayman Gad, Ahmed Ramy Mohamed Ramy and Nevin Mamdouh Habeeb

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:71

    Content type: Research

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  30. To overcome the several drawbacks of warfarin, non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) were developed. Even though randomized controlled trials (RCTs) provided high-quality evidence, the real-worl...

    Authors: Yoga Waranugraha, Ardian Rizal, Mokhamad Fahmi Rizki Syaban, Icha Farihah Deniyati Faratisha, Nabila Erina Erwan and Khadijah Cahya Yunita

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:70

    Content type: Research

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  31. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a well-established and standard therapy for patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis at moderate or high risk for surgical aortic valve replacement. Re...

    Authors: Hesham Bahaa, Yasser Sadek, Ahmad E. Mostafa, Diaa Kamal, Mahmoud Baraka, Mohammad Abdelghani, Ahmed Hassan, Ahmed Shehata, Magdy Abdelhamid and Ahmed Elguindy

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:67

    Content type: Research

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  32. Cor triatriatum and supramitral ring are congenital anomalies which result in formation of three chambers of atria. To the best of our knowledge, simultaneous presence of both entities in the same patient resu...

    Authors: Barun Kumar, Ashwin Kodliwadmath, Amar Nath Upadhyay, Anupam Singh, Anshuman Darbari and N. Nanda

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:66

    Content type: Case Report

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  33. Peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis (PPAS) is a rare and underdiagnosed phenomenon that is reported infrequently in adult patients. Most patients with PPAS have concomitant congenital heart diseases, a histor...

    Authors: Zahra Hosseini, Ata Firouzi, Bahram Mohebbi, Ehsan Khalilipur, Mohammadreza Baay, Kiara Rezaei Kalantari, Iman Harirforoosh and Zahra Khajali

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:65

    Content type: Case Report

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  34. Aortocoronary arteriovenous fistula (ACAVF) due to iatrogenic bypass grafting to a cardiac vein is an exceedingly rare complication resulting from coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. If not identif...

    Authors: Akarsh Parekh, Vivek Sengupta, Ryan Malek and Mark Zainea

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:64

    Content type: Case Report

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  35. Conventional coronary angiography (CAG) is currently the gold standard technique for the assessment of coronary arteries prior to cardiac valve surgery. Although CAG is a relatively safe procedure, however, it...

    Authors: Abdalla Elagha, Waleed Khaled, Sahar Gamal, Mohamed Helmy and Ayman Kaddah

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:63

    Content type: Research

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  36. Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs very frequently after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG); it occurs in about 20–edictors can be used for the dedicatio40% of patients. It is associated with several adverse ...

    Authors: Gomaa Abdelrazek, Kareem Mandour, Mohammad Osama and Khaled Elkhashab

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:62

    Content type: Research

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  37. Thymic epithelial tumour (TET) is the most common tumour affecting the anterior mediastinum in adults. The cardiac extension is often limited to the pericardium, and intracardiac extension is rare. We present ...

    Authors: Ahmed Ayuna, Saad Ahmad, Sjirjel Alam and Nik Abidin

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:60

    Content type: Case Report

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  38. Valvular heart disease is a common health problem affecting both sexes and all age groups. Almost all guidelines are based on studies that mainly involved male patients.

    Authors: Ghada Youssef

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:58

    Content type: Review

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  39. The optimal strategy for revascularization in patients with NSTEACS who had multivessel coronary artery disease. A lack of evidence exists about the role of complete coronary revascularization by PCI in patien...

    Authors: Ahmed O. Elkady, Mohamed Abdelghany, Reda Diab, Ahmed Ezz and Abdalla A. Elagha

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:56

    Content type: Research

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  40. Left atrial (LA) size is frequently assessed by posterior-anterior linear measurement of LA (LAD P-A) in the parasternal long axis to expedite examination. Aging, changes in body surface area, and several card...

    Authors: Abdullah Kaplan, Raffaele Altara, Marco Manca, Hacı Murat Gunes, Alessandro Cataliotti, George W. Booz and Fouad A. Zouein

    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2021 73:55

    Content type: Research

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