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Table 2 Distribution of demographic data and risk factors

From: Pattern of congenital heart disease among Egyptian children: a 3-year retrospective study

Demographic/risk factor Number (n = 1005) Percentage (%)
Sex Male 543 54
Female 462 46
Residency Urban 790 78.6
Rural 215 21.4
Maternal education Primary 586 58.3
Secondary 150 14.9
Illiterate 269 26.8
Maternal occupation Housewife 922 91.7
Manual worker 72 7.2
Desk job 11 1.1
Paternal occupation Farmer 187 18.6
Manual worker 581 57.8
Desk job 237 23.6
Parity Nulliparous 339 33.7
Multiparous 666 66.3
Maternal age at conception (years) ≤ 19 427 42.5
20-29 491 48.8
30-34 28 2.8
> 35 59 5.9
Consanguinity 448 44.6
Prematurity 194 19.3
Assisted reproduction 118 11.7
Family history of CHD 93 9.2
Abortions 71 7.1
Maternal medical illnesses Diabetes 280 27.9
Bronchial asthma 146 14.5
Hypertension 74 7.4
Epilepsy 42 4.2
Syndromes Down S 105 10.4
Disgorge S 13 1.3
Others 50 5
Extracardiac anomalies Inguinal hernia 14 1.4
Diaphragmatic hernia 9 0.9
Others 13 1.3
  1. Data present in number and percentage