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Table 1 Comparison between the study groups as regards the demographic data, clinical data, and medications

From: Strain and strain rate echocardiographic imaging predict occurrence of atrial fibrillation in post-coronary artery bypass grafting patients

Demographic data No POAF POAF P-value
Count 61 28
Age (years) 55.0 ± 6.4 58.7 ± 9.2 0.032
BMI (kg/m2) 31.5 ± 4.1 33.0 ± 3.1 0.093
Risk factors
 Male gender 40 (65.6%) 18 (64.3%) 0.906
 HTN 38 (62.3%) 20 (71.4%) 0.401
 DM 28 (45.9%) 18 (64.3%) 0.107
 Smoking 32 (52.5%) 16 (57.1%) 0.681
Clinical data
NYHA class
  Class 1 42 (68.9%) 19 (67.9%) 0.925
  Class 2 19 (31.1%) 9 (32.1%)
CCS class
  Class 1 23 (37.7%) 6 (21.4%) 0.723
  Class 2 29 (47.5%) 21 (75%)
  Class 3 9 (14.8%) 1 (3.6%)
Heart rate (beat/min) 76.4 ± 10.6 75.5 ± 10.8 0.708
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.90 ± 0.25 0.94 ± 0.26 0.726
CAD type
 Single vessel disease 4 (6.6%) 0 (0%) 0.615
 Two-vessel disease 12 (19.7%) 11 (39.3%)
 Multi-vessel disease 45 (73.7%) 17 (60.7%)
Medication
 Aspirin 61 (100%) 28 (100%) 1.000
 Statins 46 (75.4%) 19 (67.9%) 0.456
 Nitrates 56 (91.8%) 16 (57.1%) < 0.001
 Beta blockers 50 (82%) 20 (71.4%) 0.260
 CCB 4 (6.6%) 2 (7.1%) 1.000
 Digoxin 0 (0%) 1 (3.6%) 0.315
 Diuretic 14 (23%) 3 (10.7%) 0.173
 ACEI or ARB 46 (75.4%) 18 (64.3%) 0.278