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Table 4 Management decisions and outcome of fetuses with cardiomyopathy, rhythm abnormalities and cardiac mass

From: Clinical utility of fetal echocardiography: an Egyptian center experience

Diagnosis Decision Outcome
Cardiomyopathy
Case no (35) Prevention of termination/regular FUP Resolved intrauterine
Case no (88) Associated with frequent PVCs Prevention of termination/regular FUP IUFD
Case no (91) Prevention of termination/regular FUP Lost FUP
Cardiac mass
(Rhabdomyoma)
Prevention of termination/regular FUP spontaneous regression
Arrhythmias
Case no (41) Frequent PVCs Prevention of termination/regular FUP Resolved intrauterine
Case no (50) Atrial fibrillation Immediate induction of labor Mother refused, DAMA signed
Case no (58) Congenital heart block Admission under obstetric care/regular FUP scanning Arranged for neonatal pacemaker
Case no (70) Atrial flutter with variable conduction Regular FUP Lost FUP
Case no (72) Atrial tachycardia Antiarrhythmic given without improvement Elective termination due to severe hydrops
Case no (78)
Frequent PACs
Regular FUP Resolved intrauterine
Case no (79) Frequent PACs
Case no (84)
Regular FUP Resolved intrauterine
SVT + common AV canal Antiarrhythmic /regular FUP Postnatal Antiarrhythmic therapy
Case no (88) Discussed above Discussed above
Case no (95) SVT Antiarrhythmic/regular FUP Post natal antiarrhythmic therapy
  1. DAMA discharge against medical advice, FUP follow up, IUFD intra-uterine fetal death, PAC premature atrial contraction, PVC premature ventricular contraction, SVT supraventricular tachycardia