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Table 2 The ratios of the left ventricular false tendon in the literature

From: Three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of Chiari’s network relationship with the left ventricular false tendon

Year Authors Age group Study population Detection method LVFT ratio n (%)
1981 Okamoto et al. [39] All ages 132 2D-Echo 61 (46)
1981 Nishimura et al. [40] All ages 1000 2D-Echo 5 (0.5)
1983 Perry et al. [41]  ≤ 15 3847 2D-Echo 31 (0.8)
1984 Sethuraman et al. [42]  > 12 1012 2D-Echo 4 (0.4)
1984 Ryssing et al. [31] All ages 2000 2D-Echo 4 (0.2)
1984 Vered et al. [43] All ages 2079 2D-Echo 42 (2)
1984 Suwa et al. [36]  > 12 1117 2D-Echo 71 (6)
1984 Brenner et al. [44]  ≤ 18 100 2D-Echo 61 (61)
1984 Keren et al. [25]  ≥ 15 35 2D-Echo 15 (43)
1984 Gerlis et al. [33]  > 18 800 2D-Echo 4 (0.4)
1986 Luetmer et al. [7] All ages 483 Autopsy 265 (55)
1986 Casta et al. [45] Children 218 2D-Echo 31 (14)
1986 Malouf et al. [38] All ages 488 2D-Echo 123 (25)
1987 Boyd et al. [46] All ages 474 Autopsy 322 (68)
1990 Abdulla et al. [35] All ages 100 Autopsy 34 (34)
1992 Cocchieri et al. [34]  < 13 273 2D-Echo 80 (29)
2003 Kervancioglu et al. [9]  < 10 368 2D-Echo 97 (26)
2011 Philip et al. [32]  < 18 476 2D-Echo 371 (78)
  1. 2D-Echo Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography; LVFT Left ventricular false tendon