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  1. This article has been retracted. Please see the Retraction Notice for more detail: https://doi.org/10.1186/s43044-020-00091-z.

    Authors: Saumen Nandi, Anindya Mukherjee, Dibbendhu Khanra and Kaushik Biswas
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:89

    The original article was published in The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:56

  2. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Raghavendra Rao K, Sreenivas Reddy, Jeet Ram Kashyap, Vadivelu Ramalingam, Debabrata Dash, Vikas Kadiyala, Suraj Kumar, Hithesh Reddy, Jaspreet Kaur, Ashok Kumar, Naindeep Kaur and Anish Gupta
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:88

    The original article was published in The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:86

  3. Acute pulmonary thromboembolism is the most dangerous presentation of venous thromboembolic disease. The role of thrombolysis in massive pulmonary embolism has been studied extensively, but the same is not the...

    Authors: Nadeem U. Rehman, Mohd Iqbal Dar, Manish Bansal and R. R. Kasliwal
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:87
  4. Not every patient achieves normal coronary flow following fibrinolysis in STEMI (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction). The culprit lesion plaque characteristics play a prominent role in the coronary flo...

    Authors: Raghavendra Rao K, Sreenivas Reddy, Jeet Ram Kashyap, Vadivelu Ramalingam, Debabrata Dash, Vikas Kadiyala, Suraj Kumar, Hithesh Reddy, Jaspreet Kaur, Ashok Kumar, Naindeep Kaur and Anish Gupta
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:86

    The Correction to this article has been published in The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:88

  5. The trans-catheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) usually has a rapid impact on biventricular remodelling and functions. Whether the transcatheter closure of ASD at early childhood or at adulthood age w...

    Authors: Areej Alkhateeb, Alaa Roushdy, Hosam Hasan-Ali, Yehia Taha Kishk and Ayman K. M. Hassan
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:85
  6. Vitamin D deficiency is a prevalent condition that is found in about 30–50% of the general population, and it is increasing as a new risk factor for coronary artery disease. Our study aimed to evaluate the rel...

    Authors: Abdallah Ahmed Abdallah, Mohamed Ahmed Abd Elrhman, Ahmd Elshazly and Islam Bastawy
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:84
  7. Cardiac catheterization after congenital heart surgery may play an important role in the diagnosis and management of patients with a complicated or unusual post-operative course. The main objective of this stu...

    Authors: Saud Bahaidarah, Jameel Al-Ata, Gaser Abdelmohsen, Naif Alkhushi, Mohamed Abdelsalam, Mohammed Mujahed, Osman Al-Radi, Ahmed Elassal, Zaher Zaher, Ahmad Azhar and Ahmed M. Dohain
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:83
  8. Numerous invasive and noninvasive diagnostic tests with different cost and effectiveness exist for detection of coronary artery disease. This diversity leads to unnecessary utilization of health services. For ...

    Authors: Parvin Jafari, Reza Goudarzi, Mohammadreza Amiresmaeili and Hamidreza Rashidinejad
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:82
  9. Assessment of the interatrial septum (IAS) has become an attractive area of interest for a variety of important interventional procedures. Newer imaging modalities like multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) a...

    Authors: Abdalla Elagha, Yaseen Othman, Reham Darweesh, Ghada Awadein and Assem Hashad
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:81
  10. Coronary artery disease is one of the major issues in the medical world around the globe. The prevalence tends to increase. The use of coronary intervention is one of the ways often used in the management of c...

    Authors: Sidhi Laksono, Budhi Setianto and Steven Philip Surya
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:80
  11. Floating right heart thrombi (RHT) represent an underdiagnosed, potentially hazardous, and to some extent rare phenomenon in patients presenting with acute pulmonary embolism (APE). Emergent treatment is usual...

    Authors: Peter Philip Shaker Selwanos, Ahmed Osman Ahmed, Karim Mohamed El Bakry, Ahmed Nazmy Elsharkawy, Omar Alaaeldin Mohamed, Hatem Hosny and Amir Anwar Shaker Samaan
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:79
  12. Optical coherence tomography showed a great ability to identify adverse features during percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents and resulted in better clinical outcomes. The study aimed to ...

    Authors: Arif A. Al Nooryani, Nagwa A. Abdelrahman, Hatem A. Helmy, Yehia T. Kishk and Ayman K. M. Hassan
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:77
  13. In majority of children bidirectional Glenn shunt is a safe and efficacious procedure with minimal post-operative issues. Rarely, there may be dysfunction in the Glenn pathway due loss of anatomical integrity ...

    Authors: Aritra Mukherji, Sanjiban Ghosh, Jayita Nandi Das and Amitabha Chattopadhyay
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:76
  14. In 1993, 1000 randomly selected employed Swedish men aged 45–50 years were invited to a nurse-led health examination with a survey on life style, fasting lab tests, and a 12-lead ECG. A repeat examination was ...

    Authors: Lennart Dimberg, Bo Eriksson and Per Enqvist
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:75
  15. Veno-arterial ECMO is a life-supporting procedure that can be done to the patients with cardiogenic shock which is associated with hyperlactatemia. The objective of this study was to detect the validity of ser...

    Authors: Mohamed Laimoud and Mosleh Alanazi
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:74
  16. The COVID-19 pandemic poses a major burden to the healthcare system in Egypt, and in the face of a highly infective disease which can prove fatal, healthcare systems need to change their management protocols t...

    Authors: Hesham S. Taha, Mirna M. Shaker and Mohamed M. Abdelghany
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:73
  17. We hypothesized that 1st generation everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) stent associated with less complication and less restenosis rate than everolimus-eluting stent (EES) in chronic tota...

    Authors: Mohammad Abdallah Eltahlawi, Abdel-Aziz Fouad Abdel-Aziz, Abdel-Salam Sherif, Khalid Abdel-Azeem Shokry and Islam Elsayed Shehata
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:72
  18. Vascular spasm is well known to occur in the arterial system. Central venous spasm during pacemaker implantation is uncommon with only a few cases reported from time to time. Sometimes, the venous spasms may n...

    Authors: Krishna Santosh Vemuri, Nitin Parashar, Dinakar Bootla, Pruthvi C. Revaiah, Kewal Kanabar, Krishna Prasad Nevali, Yash Paul Sharma, Ganesh Kasinadhuni and Prashant Panda
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:71
  19. The COVID-19 pandemic brought restriction to the movement of people due to the implementation of lockdown across various regions around the world. In India, most of the patients belong to rural areas and hence...

    Authors: Gurbhej Singh, Samir Kapoor, Vasu Bansal, Mehtab Grewal, Bhupinder Singh, Abhishek Goyal, Rohit Tandon, Shibba Takkar Chhabra, Naved Aslam, Gurpreet Singh Wander and Bishav Mohan
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:70
  20. Cardiac rehabilitation has been shown to reduce cardiac mortality, improve quality of life, and reduce hospitalizations. Cardiac rehabilitation programs are usually performed over a 12-week period. Studies hav...

    Authors: Ahmed El Missiri, Sameh Atteya Amin, Islam Reda Tawfik and Adel Mohamed Shabana
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:69
  21. Patients with established cardiovascular diseases have a poor prognosis when affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Also, the cardiovascular system, especially the heart, is affected by COVID-19....

    Authors: Ahmed Alaarag, Timoor Hassan, Sameh Samir and Mohamed Naseem
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:68
  22. Obesity is recognized as a classic risk factor for atherosclerosis and subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Weight loss after bariatric surgery has been associated with reduced CV mortality and total morta...

    Authors: Waleed Ammar, Hossam Abdel Basset, Amr AL Faramawy, Tarek Hegazy and Yasser Sharaf
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:67
  23. Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) indicates the serious clinical manifestation of coronary artery disease (CAD) and is closely associated with cardiovascular prognosis in patients with ACS. This study was aimed to...

    Authors: Mohd Iqbal Dar, Jahangir Rashid Beig, Iqra Jan, Tariq Rashid Shah, Muzaffar Ali, Hilal A. Rather and Nisar A. Tramboo
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:66
  24. Transcatheter device closure is a safe procedure recommended in children with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). While the standard procedure uses arterial and venous femoral access, it poses risk of vascular com...

    Authors: Lipi Uppal, Manoj Kumar Rohit, Parag Barwad, Sanjeev Naganur, Uma Debi, Ganesh Kasinadhuni, Krishna Santosh, Pruthvi CR and Saroj Sahoo
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:65
  25. Hypoplastic right heart syndrome with pulmonary atresia is a rare cyanotic heart disease with poor prognosis requiring urgent intervention to establish the pulmonary blood flow. Pulmonary blood flow is achieve...

    Authors: Parag Barwad, Krishna Prasad, Jyothi Vijay and Sanjeev Naganur
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:64
  26. Although B-blockers provide unequivocal benefits in heart failure (HF) management, some B-blockers worsen insulin resistance. It will be a promising strategy to recruit such a B blocker that did not worsen or ...

    Authors: Yasser Gaber Metwally, Heba Kamal Sedrak and Inass Fahiem Shaltout
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:63
  27. Aortic root abscess (ARA) is a major complication of infective endocarditis that is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Limited data are present about patient characteristics and outcomes in thi...

    Authors: Kareem Mahmoud, Tarek Hammouda, Hossam Kandil and Marwa Mashaal
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:62
  28. To present a case of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery evaluated with invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and ECG-gated coronary computed tomography (CCT).

    Authors: Armando Ugo Cavallo, Emanuele Muscogiuri, Marco Forcina, Antonio Colombo, Flavio Fiore and Massimiliano Sperandio
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:61
  29. Trans-ulnar approach was proposed primarily for elective procedures in patients not suitable for trans-radial approach that was introduced two decades ago. The trans-ulnar approach is as safe and effective as ...

    Authors: Mohammad Shafiq, Hesham Boushra Mahmoud and Malak Lamie Fanous
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:60
  30. Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity has been classified based on its onset into acute, early, and late. It may have a significant burden on the quality and quantity of life of those exposed to this class of m...

    Authors: Ahmed Ayuna and Nik Abidin
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:59
  31. Wellens’ syndrome is known to be associated with left anterior descending artery occlusion that could lead to an extensive anterior wall myocardial infarction. Thus, emergency cardiac catheterization is needed...

    Authors: I Gde Rurus Suryawan, Jordan Bakhriansyah, Mia Puspitasari, Parama Gandi, Ryan Enast Intan and Firas Farisi Alkaff
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:58
  32. The most common post-surgical complication of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is pulmonary regurgitation (PR) which can lead to right ventricle (RV) dysfunction/failure. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is the imagi...

    Authors: Mahmoud Shaaban, Mai Salama, Ayman Alsaied, Raghda Elsheikh and Magdy Elmasry
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:57
  33. Coronary artery disease (CAD) and lower extremity artery disease (LEAD) often coexist. Ankle brachial index (ABI) has been shown to be an independent predictor of CAD. Studies have reported correlation of CAD ...

    Authors: Saumen Nandi, Anindya Mukherjee, Dibbendhu Khanra and Kaushik Biswas
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:56

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:89

  34. Shortening of the hospital stay in patients admitted with the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been observed within the last decades. Our center is the only cardiac center in the region provi...

    Authors: Sheeren Khaled, Najeeb Jaha, Ghada Shalaby, Azmat Khadija Niazi, Faisal Alhazmi, Hadeel Alqasimi, Rahaf Abu Ruzaizah, Mryam Haddad, Mroj Alsabri and Heba Kufiah
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:55
  35. Blalock-Taussig shunt (BTS) continues to have a relatively high operative and short-term mortality, even in the current era. We report the use of drug-eluting stent in a child with acute shunt thrombosis, whic...

    Authors: Arun Gopalakrishnan, Bijulal Sasidharan, Sabarinath Menon and Kavassery Mahadevan Krishnamoorthy
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:54
  36. The usage of guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) in the treatment of heart failure (HF) has shown to reduce morbidity and mortality. However, majority of the HF patients do not receive GDMT or do not ach...

    Authors: Jeeva Joseph, Stephy P S, Jude James, Suja Abraham and Jabir Abdullakutty
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:53
  37. Cardiac hydatidosis is a rare manifestation of Echinococcus infection. It represents 0.5 to 2% of hydatic disease (Mustafa et al., Can J Cardiol 22:2, 2006). The most common localization is the myocardium of the ...

    Authors: Badre El Boussaadani, Hind Regragui, Hanae Bouhdadi, Hicham Wazaren, Intissar Ajhoun, Mohamed Laaroussi and Mohammed Cherti
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:51
  38. Office blood pressure (OBP) measurement is the most common method of blood pressure measurement. However, it is associated with several pitfalls as white coat effect and masked hypertension. Ambulatory blood p...

    Authors: Kareem Mahmoud, Ayah ElAroussy, Yasser Baghdady, Wafaa ElAroussy and Heba ElDeeb
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:50
  39. Regional level data on hospitalized heart failure (HHF) patients in Egypt is scarce. The aim of this study was to compare the demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of HHF patients from four dist...

    Authors: Ahmed Hassanin, Mahmoud Hassanein, Ahmed Bendary and Madiha Abdel Maksoud
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:49
  40. Although rare, the possibility of encountering an anomalous coronary artery is a reality. The outcome of such a procedure is greatly influenced by the awareness of the operator about the anatomical variations ...

    Authors: Mohd Iqbal Dar, Aamir Rashid, Mohd Iqbal Wani, Hilal A. Rather and Khursheed A. Khan
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:48
  41. Diffuse long coronary lesions require long overlapping stents which produce less than optimal long-term results. Sizing of long stents becomes difficult owing to tapering of coronaries and overlapping with exc...

    Authors: Yash Paul Sharma, Krishna Santosh, Prashant Panda, Krishna Prasad, Lipi Uppal, Shrimanth Y S, C. R. Pruthvi and B. Dinakar
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:47
  42. In several developing industrial countries, the incidence of obesity among populations is spreading quickly and dramatically; also, the frequency of maternal obesity is in continuous elevation, which represent...

    Authors: Suzan Bayoumy, Marwa Habib and Randa Abdelmageed
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:46
  43. Healthcare workforce should mirror the population in representing patients’ diversity; however, in certain medical specialties like cardiology, there is a significant under-representation of females in fellows...

    Authors: Hasan Ali Farhan and Zainab Atiyah Dakhil
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:45
  44. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is progressively recognized as a potential atherogenic condition that is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). Factors that affect the cardiovascular system as diabet...

    Authors: Ahmed Hussein, Mohamed Abdel Ghany and Hossam Eldin M. Mahmoud
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:44
  45. Worldwide, coronary heart disease (CHD) is topping the foremost important chief causes of mortality. Fragmented QRS (f-QRS) is a pattern of QRS complex in 12 leads surface ECG which showed a promising value in...

    Authors: Ahmad Salah Younis, Moataz Ibrahim El-Halag, Mahmoud Ali ElBadry and Nora Ismail Mohamed Abbas
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:43
  46. Inflammation is an important contributor to the pathogenesis of rheumatic heart disease (RHD). High serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are commonly seen in patients with chronic ...

    Authors: Osama Rifaie, Mahmoud Badr, Ahmed Abdel Salam and Haitham Galal
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:42
  47. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has drastically affected global health. Despite several studies, there is yet a dearth of data regarding the mechanisms of cardiac injury, clinical presentation, ri...

    Authors: Sara Momtazmanesh, Parnian Shobeiri, Sara Hanaei, Hani Mahmoud-Elsayed, Bharat Dalvi and Elaheh Malakan Rad
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:41

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