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  1. Patients with established cardiovascular diseases have a poor prognosis when affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Also, the cardiovascular system, especially the heart, is affected by COVID-19....

    Authors: Ahmed Alaarag, Timoor Hassan, Sameh Samir and Mohamed Naseem
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:68
  2. Obesity is recognized as a classic risk factor for atherosclerosis and subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Weight loss after bariatric surgery has been associated with reduced CV mortality and total morta...

    Authors: Waleed Ammar, Hossam Abdel Basset, Amr AL Faramawy, Tarek Hegazy and Yasser Sharaf
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:67
  3. Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) indicates the serious clinical manifestation of coronary artery disease (CAD) and is closely associated with cardiovascular prognosis in patients with ACS. This study was aimed to...

    Authors: Mohd Iqbal Dar, Jahangir Rashid Beig, Iqra Jan, Tariq Rashid Shah, Muzaffar Ali, Hilal A. Rather and Nisar A. Tramboo
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:66
  4. Transcatheter device closure is a safe procedure recommended in children with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). While the standard procedure uses arterial and venous femoral access, it poses risk of vascular com...

    Authors: Lipi Uppal, Manoj Kumar Rohit, Parag Barwad, Sanjeev Naganur, Uma Debi, Ganesh Kasinadhuni, Krishna Santosh, Pruthvi CR and Saroj Sahoo
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:65
  5. Hypoplastic right heart syndrome with pulmonary atresia is a rare cyanotic heart disease with poor prognosis requiring urgent intervention to establish the pulmonary blood flow. Pulmonary blood flow is achieve...

    Authors: Parag Barwad, Krishna Prasad, Jyothi Vijay and Sanjeev Naganur
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:64
  6. Although B-blockers provide unequivocal benefits in heart failure (HF) management, some B-blockers worsen insulin resistance. It will be a promising strategy to recruit such a B blocker that did not worsen or ...

    Authors: Yasser Gaber Metwally, Heba Kamal Sedrak and Inass Fahiem Shaltout
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:63
  7. Aortic root abscess (ARA) is a major complication of infective endocarditis that is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Limited data are present about patient characteristics and outcomes in thi...

    Authors: Kareem Mahmoud, Tarek Hammouda, Hossam Kandil and Marwa Mashaal
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:62
  8. To present a case of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery evaluated with invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and ECG-gated coronary computed tomography (CCT).

    Authors: Armando Ugo Cavallo, Emanuele Muscogiuri, Marco Forcina, Antonio Colombo, Flavio Fiore and Massimiliano Sperandio
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:61
  9. Trans-ulnar approach was proposed primarily for elective procedures in patients not suitable for trans-radial approach that was introduced two decades ago. The trans-ulnar approach is as safe and effective as ...

    Authors: Mohammad Shafiq, Hesham Boushra Mahmoud and Malak Lamie Fanous
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:60
  10. Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity has been classified based on its onset into acute, early, and late. It may have a significant burden on the quality and quantity of life of those exposed to this class of m...

    Authors: Ahmed Ayuna and Nik Abidin
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:59
  11. Wellens’ syndrome is known to be associated with left anterior descending artery occlusion that could lead to an extensive anterior wall myocardial infarction. Thus, emergency cardiac catheterization is needed...

    Authors: I Gde Rurus Suryawan, Jordan Bakhriansyah, Mia Puspitasari, Parama Gandi, Ryan Enast Intan and Firas Farisi Alkaff
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:58
  12. The most common post-surgical complication of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is pulmonary regurgitation (PR) which can lead to right ventricle (RV) dysfunction/failure. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is the imagi...

    Authors: Mahmoud Shaaban, Mai Salama, Ayman Alsaied, Raghda Elsheikh and Magdy Elmasry
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:57
  13. Coronary artery disease (CAD) and lower extremity artery disease (LEAD) often coexist. Ankle brachial index (ABI) has been shown to be an independent predictor of CAD. Studies have reported correlation of CAD ...

    Authors: Saumen Nandi, Anindya Mukherjee, Dibbendhu Khanra and Kaushik Biswas
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:56

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:89

  14. Shortening of the hospital stay in patients admitted with the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been observed within the last decades. Our center is the only cardiac center in the region provi...

    Authors: Sheeren Khaled, Najeeb Jaha, Ghada Shalaby, Azmat Khadija Niazi, Faisal Alhazmi, Hadeel Alqasimi, Rahaf Abu Ruzaizah, Mryam Haddad, Mroj Alsabri and Heba Kufiah
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:55
  15. Blalock-Taussig shunt (BTS) continues to have a relatively high operative and short-term mortality, even in the current era. We report the use of drug-eluting stent in a child with acute shunt thrombosis, whic...

    Authors: Arun Gopalakrishnan, Bijulal Sasidharan, Sabarinath Menon and Kavassery Mahadevan Krishnamoorthy
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:54
  16. The usage of guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) in the treatment of heart failure (HF) has shown to reduce morbidity and mortality. However, majority of the HF patients do not receive GDMT or do not ach...

    Authors: Jeeva Joseph, Stephy P S, Jude James, Suja Abraham and Jabir Abdullakutty
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:53
  17. Cardiac hydatidosis is a rare manifestation of Echinococcus infection. It represents 0.5 to 2% of hydatic disease (Mustafa et al., Can J Cardiol 22:2, 2006). The most common localization is the myocardium of the ...

    Authors: Badre El Boussaadani, Hind Regragui, Hanae Bouhdadi, Hicham Wazaren, Intissar Ajhoun, Mohamed Laaroussi and Mohammed Cherti
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:51
  18. Office blood pressure (OBP) measurement is the most common method of blood pressure measurement. However, it is associated with several pitfalls as white coat effect and masked hypertension. Ambulatory blood p...

    Authors: Kareem Mahmoud, Ayah ElAroussy, Yasser Baghdady, Wafaa ElAroussy and Heba ElDeeb
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:50
  19. Regional level data on hospitalized heart failure (HHF) patients in Egypt is scarce. The aim of this study was to compare the demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of HHF patients from four dist...

    Authors: Ahmed Hassanin, Mahmoud Hassanein, Ahmed Bendary and Madiha Abdel Maksoud
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:49
  20. Although rare, the possibility of encountering an anomalous coronary artery is a reality. The outcome of such a procedure is greatly influenced by the awareness of the operator about the anatomical variations ...

    Authors: Mohd Iqbal Dar, Aamir Rashid, Mohd Iqbal Wani, Hilal A. Rather and Khursheed A. Khan
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:48
  21. Diffuse long coronary lesions require long overlapping stents which produce less than optimal long-term results. Sizing of long stents becomes difficult owing to tapering of coronaries and overlapping with exc...

    Authors: Yash Paul Sharma, Krishna Santosh, Prashant Panda, Krishna Prasad, Lipi Uppal, Shrimanth Y S, C. R. Pruthvi and B. Dinakar
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:47
  22. In several developing industrial countries, the incidence of obesity among populations is spreading quickly and dramatically; also, the frequency of maternal obesity is in continuous elevation, which represent...

    Authors: Suzan Bayoumy, Marwa Habib and Randa Abdelmageed
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:46
  23. Healthcare workforce should mirror the population in representing patients’ diversity; however, in certain medical specialties like cardiology, there is a significant under-representation of females in fellows...

    Authors: Hasan Ali Farhan and Zainab Atiyah Dakhil
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:45
  24. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is progressively recognized as a potential atherogenic condition that is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). Factors that affect the cardiovascular system as diabet...

    Authors: Ahmed Hussein, Mohamed Abdel Ghany and Hossam Eldin M. Mahmoud
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:44
  25. Worldwide, coronary heart disease (CHD) is topping the foremost important chief causes of mortality. Fragmented QRS (f-QRS) is a pattern of QRS complex in 12 leads surface ECG which showed a promising value in...

    Authors: Ahmad Salah Younis, Moataz Ibrahim El-Halag, Mahmoud Ali ElBadry and Nora Ismail Mohamed Abbas
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:43
  26. Inflammation is an important contributor to the pathogenesis of rheumatic heart disease (RHD). High serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are commonly seen in patients with chronic ...

    Authors: Osama Rifaie, Mahmoud Badr, Ahmed Abdel Salam and Haitham Galal
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:42
  27. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has drastically affected global health. Despite several studies, there is yet a dearth of data regarding the mechanisms of cardiac injury, clinical presentation, ri...

    Authors: Sara Momtazmanesh, Parnian Shobeiri, Sara Hanaei, Hani Mahmoud-Elsayed, Bharat Dalvi and Elaheh Malakan Rad
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:41
  28. Acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has improved the outcomes from STEMI and improved myocar...

    Authors: Ahmed Shawky Elserafy, Nabil Mahmoud Farag, Ahmed Ibrahim El Desoky and Khaled Adel Eletriby
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:40
  29. Portsmann and co. performed the first PDA device closure in 1967. The technique and the devices used have evolved since then and are the first choice in managing anatomically feasible patent ductus arteriosus ...

    Authors: Sanjeev H. Naganur, C. R. Pruthvi, Dinakar Bootla, Krishna Prasad, V. Krishna Santosh and Parag Barwad
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:34
  30. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Sameh Shaheen, Omar Awwad, Khalid Shokry, Magdy Abdel-Hamid, Adel El-Etriby, Hosam Hasan-Ali, Islam Shawky, Ahmad Magdy, Gamila Nasr, Hamza Kabil, Amr Elhadidy, Mohamad Zaki and Ahmad Hegab
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:39

    The original article was published in The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:30

  31. The left atrial appendage (LAA) is the main source of thromboembolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Unique LAA morphologies have been associated with the risk of thromboembolism. This stud...

    Authors: Mohammed Elzeneini, Ahmed Elshazly and Ahmed El Mahmoudy Nayel
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:38
  32. SYNTAX Scores I (SSI) assesses the complexity of CAD; SYNTAX Score II (SSII) uses both SSI and other clinical variables, in estimation of 4 years mortality following both coronary artery bypass grafting surger...

    Authors: Bassem Adel Ramadan, Mohamed Ahmed Zaki, Wahid Gamal El Din Etman, Mohamed Mostafa Agha, Mohamed Ahmed Sobhy and Wael Mahmoud Hassanein
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:36
  33. Direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) cure patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Concerns have arisen the occurrence of significant bradyarrhythmias during treatment with DAAs. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Ahmed Mohamed El Missiri, Mona Mostafa Rayan, Mohamed Medhat Awad and Ahmed Ibrahim El Desoky
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:37
  34. Apart from few small single-center studies, there are limited data about STEMI patients in Egypt. Nineteen Egyptian centers (with and without PCI facilities) participated in this registry with 1356 patients wh...

    Authors: Sameh Shaheen, Ahmad Wafa, Mostafa Mokarab, Basem Zareef, Ahmed Bendary, Tarek Abdelhameed, Ahmad Rashwan, Mohamad Seleem, Magdy Elmasry, Yaser Abdelhady, Gomaa Abdelrazik, Amr Ibrahim, Mohamad Ghareeb, Khalid Aly, Mahmoud Saraya, Moheb Wadie…
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:35
  35. We examined the impact of left anterior descending (LAD) wrapping on left ventricular (LV) mechanics in patients with normal coronary angiography. Seventy-one patients with evidence of normal coronary angiogra...

    Authors: Hala Mahfouz Badran, Waleed Abdou Ibrahim, Tamer Alaksher and Ghada Soltan
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:33
  36. Renal dysfunction is one of the major causes of in-hospital mortality in STEMI patients. In this study, we evaluated the combined predictive value of eGFR by CKD-EPI equation and shock index for in-hospital mo...

    Authors: Moheb Wadie, Emad Samaan, Mohammed Kamal Nassar and Mostafa Abdelsalam
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:32
  37. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is usually caused by rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque leading to thrombotic occlusion of a coronary artery. Cardiovascular disease has recently emerged as the leading caus...

    Authors: Sheeren Khaled, Walaa Eldeen Ahmed, Ghada Shalaby, Hadeel Alqasimi, Rahaf Abu Ruzaizah, Mryam Haddad, Mroj Alsabri, Seham Almalki, Heba Kufiah, Fatma Aboul Elnein and Najeeb Jaha
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:31
  38. COVID-19 pandemic poses an enormous challenge to healthcare system in Egypt. This document is a position statement from the Egyptian Society of Cardiology. It aims to provide information to cardiovascular heal...

    Authors: Sameh Shaheen, Omar Awwad, Khalid Shokry, Magdy Abdel-Hamid, Adel El-Etriby, Hosam Hasan-Ali, Islam Shawky, Ahmad Magdy, Gamila Nasr, Hamza Kabil, Amr Elhadidy, Mohamad Zaki and Ahmad Hegab
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:30

    The Correction to this article has been published in The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:39

  39. The benefit and safety of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to chronic total occlusions (CTO) in patients with low and mid-range left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) continue to be evidence limited...

    Authors: Waleed Salem El Awady, Mohamed Samy, Mohammad Mustafa Al-Daydamony, Magdy Mohammad Abd El Samei and Khaled Abd El Azim Shokry
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:28
  40. The apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A-I ratio was shown to be strongly related to the risk of myocardial infarction in several large-scale studies. The current study aimed at exploring the diagnostic and short...

    Authors: Haitham Galal, Ayman Samir and Mohamed Shehata
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:27
  41. Extracorporeal life support has markedly progressed over the recent years to support patients with severe cardiac and pulmonary dysfunction refractory to conventional management. Many patients developed acute ...

    Authors: Mohamed Laimoud and Walid Ahmed
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:26
  42. Vascular inflammation plays a key role in the progression of hypertension. Progranulin (PGRN), an anti-inflammatory growth factor, mediated inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), a pleiotropic cytokine...

    Authors: Jasmine Kaur, Supriya Mukheja, Sudhir Varma, Harpreet Singh Kalra, Bipanjeet Singh Khosa and Kanchan Vohra
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:25
  43. Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. Accurate risk stratification would require a simple, non-invasive index integrating all tradit...

    Authors: Waleed Ammar, Moataz Taha, Essam Baligh and Dina Osama
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:24
  44. The current expert view of the PCSK9 inhibitors’ use in Egypt is still ambiguous.

    Authors: Ashraf Reda, Ahmed Shawky Elserafy, Elsayed Farag, Tamer Mostafa, Nabil Farag, Atef Elbahry, Osama Sanad, Ahmed Bendary, Ahmed Elkersh, Mohammed Selim, Morad Beshay and Hazem Khamis
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:23
  45. Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is a form of abnormal coronary artery lumen dilatation associated with epicardial flow disturbances and microvascular dysfunction. QRS complex fragmentation (fQRS) in surface ECG ...

    Authors: Diaa Kamal and Moataz Hashem
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:20
  46. Subclavian artery injury during internal jugular vein catheterization is a rare yet potentially life-threatening complication leading to hemothorax and exsanguination. The percutaneous endovascular approach of...

    Authors: Sanjeev Naganur, Krishna Santosh, Bhupendra Kumar Sihag, Atit A Gawalkar and Krishna Prasad
    Citation: The Egyptian Heart Journal 2020 72:19

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